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An Early Warning System Using Seabirds to Detect Ecosystem Change in the High and Low Arctic

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: An Early Warning System Using Seabirds to Detect Ecosystem Change in the High and Low Arctic
Description:
Abstract:
Marine resources are vital to many northern communities. Climate changes that have been underway for several decades are influencing marine life in Arctic waters. These changes will affect resource use and traditional harvesting practices and will present challenges as well as opportunities. Information on ongoing change in marine ecosystems is important in planning for future adaptation. Biological responses to climate change can be expected to be most evident near the limits of species ranges where physiological tolerances are most challenged. Our research focuses on top seabird predators in High and Low Arctic Canadian regions linked through the Labrador Current in the North Atlantic. We will capture “downstream” (Labrador Current) influences of High Arctic changes and variability. Changes in the biology of seabirds have already been noted (altered breeding times, deterioration in nutrition and chick condition) with dietary changes involving switches from ice-associated and polar fish to Low Arctic species. Diving and surface-feeding seabirds (murres, fulmars, gannets, storm-petrels) will be studied when foraging over regional scales during summer and when migrating throughout the High and Low Arctic during fall, winter and spring. The project will use previous surveys of seabird diets throughout Nunavut and Newfoundland and Labrador during the 1970s and 1980s to assess changes that have occurred in High and Low Arctic marine food webs and to establish a current baseline against which future change can be assessed.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20070201
Ending_Date: 20091231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
East_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
North_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
South_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > ALBATROSSES/PETRELS AND ALLIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > SPECIES LIFE HISTORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > FOOD-WEB DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
Theme_Keyword: IMBER > INTEGRATED MARINE BIOGEOCHEMISTRY AND ECOSYSTEM RESEARCH
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > BEAUFORT SEA
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > CHUKCHI SEA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > BARENTS SEA
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: WILLIAM MONTEVECCHI
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Memorial University, Psychology Department
City: St. John’s NL
Postal_Code: A1B 3X9
Country: Canada
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 709-737-7673
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mont@mun.ca
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: MUN/COMPUTING > Computing Center, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Contact_Person: CHANTELLE BURKE
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Country: Canada
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: chantelb@mun.ca
Resource_Description: Seabirds
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://dogsbody.psych.mun.ca/ipy/IPY/Welcome.html
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://dogsbody.psych.mun.ca/ipy/IPY/Welcome.html
Access_Instructions:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110316
Metadata_Review_Date: 20170823
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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