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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
SPOT collection: SPOT 1-2-3-4 MULTI
Entry ID: CNES_http__cnes.fr_ark_68059_6392c6f3277ec81c447cebf8725f60b0_IDN_1.5


Summary
Abstract: SPOT is a medium-resolution (for SPOT 1, 2, 3, 4) or high-resolution (for SPOT 5), optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space. This programme is part of CNES's Earth observation strategy. Since 1986, the SPOT family of satellites has been viewing our planet and providing remarkably high-quality images. The system comprises a serie of spacecrafts plus ground facilities for satellite control and programming, image production and distribution. The SPOT satellites capture panchromatic and multispectral imagery in resolutions ranging from 2.5m to 20m. The satellites are fitted with two independent imaging instruments, containing detector arrays that operate using a "Push Broom" technique. This results in high geometric accuracy across the full 60km wide swath. Each instrument is also fitted with a steerable mirror that allows it to image areas up to 27 degrees east or west off the vertical, which increases the revisit capability and provides stereo imagery for digital elevation modelling. Importantly, the SPOT satellites can be programmed to target client specific areas of interest. SPOT imagery has a wide range of applications, including agriculture, environment, cartography and engineering. The satellite's unique features - variable viewing geometry, stereo imaging and high revisit capability - provide a flexible platform for capturing imagery on request.The level 0 data stored at CNES are those adressed in this description. Other levels are generated on command by Astrium GeoInformation.
SPOT is a medium-resolution (for SPOT 1, 2, 3, 4) or high-resolution (for SPOT 5), optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space. This programme is part of CNES's Earth observation strategy. Since 1986, the SPOT family of satellites has been viewing our planet and providing remarkably high-quality images. The system comprises a serie of spacecrafts plus ground facilities for satellite control and programming, image production and distribution. The SPOT satellites capture panchromatic and multispectral imagery in resolutions ranging from 2.5m to 20m. The satellites are fitted with two independent imaging instruments, containing detector arrays that operate using a "Push Broom" technique. This results in high geometric accuracy across the full 60km wide swath. Each instrument is also fitted with a steerable mirror that allows it to image areas up to 27 degrees east or west off the vertical, which increases the revisit capability and provides stereo imagery for digital elevation modelling. Importantly, the SPOT satellites can be programmed to target client specific areas of interest. SPOT imagery has a wide range of applications, including agriculture, environment, cartography and engineering. The satellite's unique features - variable viewing geometry, stereo imaging and high revisit capability - provide a flexible platform for capturing imagery on request.The level 0 data stored at CNES are those adressed in this description. Other levels are generated on command by Astrium GeoInformation.
[https://spot.cnes.fr/en/SPOT/index.htm] [http://www.geoimage.com.au/geoweb/spot/spot_overview.htm] [http://www.cnes.fr/web/CNES-en/1415-spot.php] [http://www.geoimage.com.au/geoweb/spot/spot_overview.htm]


Purpose: SPOT has been designed to improve the knowledge and management of the Earth by exploring the Earth's resources, detecting and forecasting phenomena involving climatology and oceanography, and monitoring human activities and natural phenomena. The SPOT system includes a series of satellites and ground control resources for satellite control and programming, image production, and distribution.
[http://www.cnes.fr/web/CNES-en/1415-spot.php]

Related URL
Link: View Related Information

Geographic Coverage
 N: 80.0 S: -80.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: CNES
Dataset Title: SPOT collection: SPOT 1-2-3-4 MULTI
Dataset Release Date: 1986-02-22T00:00:00.000Z
Dataset Release Place: CNES
Version: 1.5


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1986-02-22
Stop Date: 2008-11-17

Start Date: 1990-01-22
Stop Date: 2009-06-30

Start Date: 1993-09-26
Stop Date: 1996-11-14

Start Date: 1998-10-01
Stop Date: 2013-01-11


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >BIOMASS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >LEAF CHARACTERISTICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION INDEX    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >BIOMASS BURNING    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HUMAN SETTLEMENTS >URBAN AREAS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >WILDFIRES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >DEGRADATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND PRODUCTIVITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND RESOURCES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND USE CLASSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION >VEGETATION INDEX    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE RADIATIVE PROPERTIES >ALBEDO    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE THERMAL PROPERTIES >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY    [Definition]
OCEANS >BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY >BATHYMETRY    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >COASTAL ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >CORAL REEFS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >DELTAS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >DUNES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >EROSION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >ESTUARIES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >FJORDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >INLETS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >INTERTIDAL ZONE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >LAGOONS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >LOCAL SUBSIDENCE TRENDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >LONGSHORE CURRENTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >MANGROVES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >MARSHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >ROCKY COASTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SALTWATER INTRUSION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA LEVEL RISE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENT TRANSPORT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENTATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHOALS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >STORM SURGE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >TIDAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >ANTHROPOGENIC/HUMAN INFLUENCED ECOSYSTEMS >URBAN LANDS    [Definition]


Platform
SPOT-1 >Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-1    [Information]
SPOT-2 >Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-2    [Information]
SPOT-3 >Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-3    [Information]
SPOT-4 >Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-4    [Information]


Instrument
HRV >High Resolution Visible Imaging System    [Information]
HRVIR >High Resolution Visible and Infrared    [Information]


Project
SPOT


Use Constraints
Since 1986, CNES has entrusted to Astrium GeoInformation the operation of the SPOT satellites and the distribution of their images in the world by granting an exclusive license for distribution of SPOT products. Astrium GeoInformation, therefore, ensures the satellite programming, image processing, manufacturing and product distribution.User Access: general caseAny user anywhere in the world that wish to get SPOT images has the possibility to consult the catalog of Astrium GeoInformation (http://www.astrium-geo.com/) on the Internet, view all existing images on its area of interest as well as their characteristics (cloud cover, acquisition date ...) and makes a product order toAstrium GeoInformation. However, despite the richness and diversity of this catalogue, which contains images acquired since 1986, the client may not have found the needed image. In this case, he can ask Astrium GeoInformation to program satellites, and thus get these images. The Programming team will consider his request and initiate a dialogue with him for precisely align his need with the capabilities of the system. The study of the feasibility of each request is carefully performed to optimize programming and allow a quick answer to user need. After the user agreement, Astrium GeoInformation starts the satellite programming. Once the images are acquired according to the quality criteria required, Astrium GeoInformation manufactures the products, controls and delivers its to the user.Case of institutional usersIn return of the exclusive license for SPOT product distribution, Astrium GeoInformation must distribute products at a non-commercial rate to institutional users of countries contributing to the development of the SPOT program for activities or programs of general interest, such as scientific research, education or development of GMES services and that for non-commercial use. These users can apply directly at Astrium GeoInformation, stating that their project is part of nonmarket services. In addition, the ISIS program was set up by CNES to promote the use of SPOT satellite imagery from the European scientific community by acquiring the satellite data with preferential grant-aided rate. The procedure for record submission at ISIS can only be done from the website at http://www.isis-cnes.fr/ through an online form. ISIS is accessible to any researcher and student working in a European laboratory. SPOT data obtained via ISIS remain reserved for purely scientific use or to demonstrate the contribution of satellite imagery for the implementation of GMES, in particular the monitoring of international conventions (Kyoto Protocol), monitoring of environmental stress, food safety and prevention of major risks.


Keywords
BIODIVERSITY
FUNCTIONING AND DYNAMICS OF NATURAL AND MAN ECOSYSTEMS
LAND USE PLANNING
BATHYMETRY
COASTAL ENVIRONMENT
SBA:agriculture
SBA:biodiversity
SBA:climate
SBA:disasters
SBA:ecosystems
SBA:energy
SBA:health
SBA:water


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, France    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.cnes.fr/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SERAD USER SERVICE
Email: serad at cnes.fr
Contact Address:
Centre National d'Etudes Spatial de Toulouse
18 Avenue Edouard Belin
City: Toulouse Cedex 9
Postal Code: 31401
Country: FRANCE


Personnel
SERAD USER SERVICE
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: serad at cnes.fr
Contact Address:
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales
18 Avenue Edouard Belin
City: Toulouse Cedex 9
Postal Code: 31401
Country: FRANCE


Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2018-04-03
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-09-17



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