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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Papua New Guinea Fossil and Living Coral Isotope Data from WDC/Paleoclimatology
Entry ID: NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_PNGCORAL

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Summary
Abstract: Results of analysis of cores collected from 'fossil' massive Porites corals
exposed in the raised reefs of the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, and living
corals. The cores were collected vertically down the axis of maximum growth of
the colony. Cores were subsampled into 1mm growth increments, resulting in an
average of 12 samples/annual growth increment. These samples were analysed for
d18O, then the data interpolated to seasonal resolution (presented here). In
this region, seasonal and interannual variations in skeletal d18O are due to
the combined effects of changes in precipitation/evaporation balance and
temperature; see Tudhope et al., 1995, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 136, 575, and
Tudhope et al., 2001, Science, 291, 1511-1517 for further discussion of
climatic interpretation.

The data indicate that the El Nino Southern oscillation (ENSO) has existed for
the past 130,000 years and that 20th century ENSO has been strong compared with
ENSO events of previous cool (glacial0 and warm (interglacial) times.

Files include:
Living Corals
Core Lat Long Filename
dt91-7 145 49'E 5 13'S madang_2001.txt
dur-2 144 53'E 4 09'S laing_2001.txt
h95-64 147 36'E 6 05'S huon_2001.txt

Fossil Corals
Core Lat Long Filename
h95-16 147 36'E 6 07'S huon_terrace_i_2001.txt
h96-18 147 36'E 6 07'S huon_terrace_iia1_2001.txt
h96-27 147 36'E 6 05'S huon_terrace_iia2_2001.txt
h96-36 147 34'E 6 04'S huon_terrace_iia3_2001.txt
h96-6 147 34'E 6 04'S huon_terrace_iiib_2001.txt
h97-10 147 36'E 6 06'S huon_terrace_v_2001.txt
h95-18 147 34'E 6 04'S huon_terrace_vii1_2001.txt
h95-25 147 40'E 6 13'S huon_terrace_vii2_2001.txt
h95-6 147 40'E 6 13'S huon_terrace_vii3_2001.txt
h94-2 147 37'E 6 07'S huon_terrace_viia1_2001.txt
h95-14 147 40'E 6 12'S huon_terrace_viia2_2001.txt
h95-58 147 37'E 6 08'S huon_terrace_viia3_2001.txt

laingfc2 144 53'E 4 09'S laing_terrace_2001.txt
m93tbfc 145 49'E 5 13'S madang_terrace_2001.txt

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to coral data files


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Additional description of the data

This description is a member of a collection. Click to see members of this collection.


Geographic Coverage
 N: -4.15 S: -6.12  E: 147.67  W: 144.83

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Tudhope, A.W., C.P. Chilcott, M.T. McCulloch, E.R. Cook, J. Chappell, R.M. Ellam, D.W. Lea, J.M Lough, and G.B. Shimmield
Dataset Title: Papua New Guinea Fossil and Living Coral Isotope Data
Dataset Series Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 2001-073
Dataset Release Date: October 2001
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program
Issue Identification: 2001-073
Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/tudhope2001/tudhope.html


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 130 ka
Paleo Stop Date: 0 ka
Chrono Unit:
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > Western Pacific Ocean
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > MELANESIA > PAPUA NEW GUINEA


Science Keywords
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >CORAL REEFS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >CORAL DEPOSITS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >OXYGEN ISOTOPES    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) >ENSO    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >CNIDARIANS >CORALS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
OCEANS


Platform
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Project
IGBP >International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme    [Information]
PAGES >Past Global Changes, IGBP    [Information]


Keywords
living corals
oxygen isotopes
Holocene
ENSO
El Nino Southern Oscillation
Huon Peninsula


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NOAA/NGDC


Data Center
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: online ftp
Distribution_Format: ascii, excel spreadsheets
Fees: none


Personnel
ALEXANDER W. TUDHOPE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: sandy.tudhope at ed.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Department of Geology & Geophysics
Edinburgh University
City: Edinburgh
Postal Code: EH9 3JW
Country: United Kingdom


COLIN P. CHILCOTT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Geology & Geophysics
University, Edinburgh
City: Edinburgh
Postal Code: EH9 3JW
Country: United Kingdom


MALCOLM T. MCCULLOCH
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Research School of Earth Sciences
Australian National University
City: Canberra
Postal Code: ACT 0200
Country: Australia


EDWARD R. COOK
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: drdendro at ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Tree-Ring Laboratory
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


JOHN CHAPPELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Research School of Earth Sciences
Australian National University
City: Canberra
Postal Code: ACT 0200
Country: Australia


ROBERT M. ELLAM
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
City: Glasgow
Province or State: East Kilbride
Postal Code: G75 0QF
Country: United Kingdom


DAVID W. LEA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (805) 893-8665
Fax: (805) 893-2314
Email: lea at magic.ucsb.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geological Sciences and Marine Science Institute
University of California
City: Santa Barbara
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 93106
Country: USA


JANICE M. LOUGH
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Australian Institute of Marine Science
City: Townsville
Province or State: Queensland
Postal Code: 4810
Country: Australia


GRAHAM B. SHIMMIELD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory
City: Argyll
Province or State: Oban
Postal Code: PA34 4AD
Country: United Kingdom


Publications/References
Tudhope, A.W., C.P. Chilcott, M.T. McCulloch, E.R. Cook, J. Chappell, R.M.
Ellam, D.W. Lea, J.M Lough, and G.B. Shimmield, 2001, Variability in the El
Nino-Southern Oscillation through a glacial-interglacial cycle. Science, v.291
(5508), pp. 1511-1517, February 23, 2001
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-12-03
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24



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