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European Gridded Seasonal Precipitation Reconstructions
Entry ID: NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2007-054

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Summary
Abstract: We present seasonal precipitation reconstructions for European land
areas (30W to 40 E/30-71N; given on a 0.5 x 0.5 resolved grid)
covering the period 1500-1900 together with gridded reanalysis from
1901 to 2000 (Mitchell and Jones 2005). Principal component regression
techniques were applied to develop this dataset. A large variety of
long instrumental precipitation series, precipitation indices based
on documentary evidence and natural proxies (tree-ring chronologies,
ice cores, corals and a speleothem) that are sensitive to precipitation
signals were used as predictors. Transfer functions were derived over
the 1901-1983 calibration period and applied to 1500-1900 in order to
reconstruct the large-scale precipitation fields over Europe.
The performance (quality estimation based on unresolved variance
within the calibration period) of the reconstructions varies over
centuries, seasons and space. Highest reconstructive skill was found
for winter over central Europe and the Iberian Peninsula. Precipitation
variability over the last half millennium reveals both large interannual
and decadal fluctuations. Applying running correlations, we found major
non-stationarities in the relation between large-scale circulation and
regional precipitation. For several periods during the last 500 years,
we identified key atmospheric modes for southern Spain/northern Morocco
and central Europe as representations of two precipitation regimes.
Using scaled composite analysis, we show that precipitation extremes
over central Europe and southern Spain are linked to distinct pressure
patterns. Due to its high spatial and temporal resolution, this
dataset allows detailed studies of regional precipitation variability
for all seasons, impact studies on different time and space scales,
comparisons with high-resolution climate models as well as analysis
of connections with regional temperature reconstructions.

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Description: Access to documentation

Geographic Coverage
 N: 70.75 S: 30.25  E: 39.75  W: -29.75

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Pauling, A., J. Luterbacher, C. Casty, and H. Wanner
Dataset Title: European Gridded Seasonal Precipitation Reconstructions
Dataset Series Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 2007-054
Dataset Release Date: June 2007
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Issue Identification: 2007-054
Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/pauling2006/pauling2006.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1500-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 0.5 degree
Longitude Resolution: 0.5 degree
Temporal Resolution: Seasonal


Science Keywords
PALEOCLIMATE >PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS >DROUGHT/PRECIPITATION RECONSTRUCTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Project
PAGES >Past Global Changes, IGBP    [Information]


Use Constraints
FUNDING SOURCES: This work is part of the EU-project SOAP
(simulations, observations and palaeoclimate,
data: climate variability over the last 500 years),
the Swiss part being funded by the Staatssekretariat fur Bildung
und Forschung (SBF) under contract 01.0560. Publication of this work
was also supported by the Marchese Francesco Medici del Vascello foundation.
Jurg Luterbacher is supported by the Swiss National Science foundation
through its National Center of Competence in Research in Climate
program, project PALVAREX. Carlo Casty is funded by the
European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme
Contract Nr. EVR1-2002-000413, project PACLIVA.


Keywords
seasonal precipitation reconstructions
climate change


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NOAA/NCDC


Data Center
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: ftp
Distribution_Format: text, zipped
Fees: none


Personnel
ANDREAS PAULING
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Institute of Geography
University of Bern
Hallerstrasse 12
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland


JUERG LUTERBACHER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: juerg at giub.unibe.ch
Contact Address:
Institute of Geography, Climatology and Meteorology
University of Bern
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland


CARLO CASTY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Climate and Environmental Physics
Physics Institute
University of Bern
Sidlerstrasse 5
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland


HEINZ WANNER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Institute of Geography and NCCR Climate
University of Bern
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland


Publications/References
Pauling, A., J. Luterbacher, C. Casty, and H. Wanner. 2006. Five hundred years of gridded high-resolution precipitation reconstructions over Europe and the connection to large-scale circulation. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 387-405, March 2006.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-07-06
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-06-05



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