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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
500-year Northern Hemisphere Speleothem Temperature Reconstruction
Entry ID: NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2006-072

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Summary
Abstract: The magnitude of recent warming, and the variability of climate on centennial-
millennial time scales are compromised by questions concerning the ability of
tree rings to capture low-frequency climate fluctuations. Annually laminated
stalagmite records can potentially provide a low-frequency climate archive
through variations in annual growth rate. Presented here is an initial attempt
to demonstrate the applicability of annually laminated stalagmite series to a
large-scale climate reconstruction, by producing a 500-year Northern Hemisphere
temperature reconstruction. The reconstruction shows an overall warming trend
with a magnitude of 0.65 K and several other low-frequency characteristics
consistent with other independent Northern Hemisphere archives. The result is
sufficiently encouraging to warrant significant future effort in characterising
annual growth rate records from laminated speleothems.

Uamh an Tartair, Scotland (5809'N 0459'W, 220m., Proctor et al. 2000, 2002)
Grotte di Ernesto, Italy (Frisia et al. 2003)
ShiHua Cave, Beijing, China (11556'E, 3947'N, 251m., Tan et al., 2003).

Italian data are from S. Frisia and A. Borsato,
Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali AQUAPAST project.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to data and documentation


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Access to documentation and data

Geographic Coverage
 N: 58.15 S: 58.15  E: -4.0  W: -4.0
 Max Depth: 220M
 N: 39.78 S: 39.78  E: 115.93  W: 115.93
 Max Depth: 251M

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Smith, C.L., A. Baker, I.J. Fairchild, S. Frisia, and A. Borsato
Dataset Title: 500-year Northern Hemisphere Speleothem Temperature Reconstruction
Dataset Series Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 2006-072
Dataset Release Date: July 2006
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Issue Identification: 2006-072
Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/smith2006/smith2006.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1500-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 500 ybp
Paleo Stop Date: 0 ybp
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > CHINA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > BRITISH ISLES > UNITED KINGDOM
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Annual


Science Keywords
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >CAVE DEPOSITS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS >AIR TEMPERATURE RECONSTRUCTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Project
PAGES >Past Global Changes, IGBP    [Information]


Keywords
climate change
low-frequency climate fluctuations
temperature reconstruction
speleothems
Uamh an Tartair
Grotte di Ernesto
ShiHua Cave
Scotland
China
Italy


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NOAA/NCDC


Data Center
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: online ftp
Distribution_Format: text, excel
Fees: none


Personnel
CLAIRE L. SMITH
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
School of Geography
Earth and Environmental Science
University of Birmingham
City: Edgbaston
Postal Code: B15 2TT
Country: United Kingdrom


ANDY BAKER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
City: Newcastle upon Tyne
Postal Code: NE1 7RU
Country: United Kingdom


IAN J. FAIRCHILD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
School of Geography
Earth and Environmental Science
University of Birmingham
City: Edgbaston
Postal Code: B15 2TT
Country: United Kingdrom


SILVIA FRISIA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali
via Calepina 14
City: Trento
Postal Code: 38100
Country: Italy


ANDREA BORSANTO
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali
via Calepina 14
City: Trento
Postal Code: 38100
Country: Italy


Publications/References
Smith, C.L., A. Baker, I.J. Fairchild, S. Frisia, and A. Borsato. 2006.
Reconstructing hemispheric-scale climates from multiple stalagmite records.
International Journal of Climatology, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp. 1417 - 1424.
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-10-18
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-06-05



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