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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
NASA JSC Crew Earth Observations (CEO) Astronaut Photography
Entry ID: JSC_CEO_ESRS_ASTRONAUT_PHOTOGRAPHY


Summary
Abstract: In Crew Earth Observations (CEO), crew members on the International Space Station (ISS) photograph the Earth from their unique point of view in low Earth orbit. Photographs record how the planet is changing over time, from human-caused changes like urban growth and reservoir construction, to natural dynamic events such as hurricanes, floods and volcanic eruptions. A major emphasis of CEO is to monitor disaster response events in support of the International Disaster Charter (IDC). CEO imagery provides researchers on Earth with key data to understand the planet from the perspective of the ISS. Crew members have been photographing Earth from space since the early Mercury missions beginning in 1961. The continuous images taken from the ISS ensure this record remains unbroken.

Astronauts have used hand-held cameras to photograph the Earth for more than 40 years. Beginning with the Mercury missions in the early 1960s, astronauts have taken more than 1.5 million photographs of the Earth. Today, the International Space Station (ISS) continues the NASA tradition of Earth observation from human-tended spacecraft. Operational since November 2000, the ISS is well suited for documenting Earth features. The ISS maintains an altitude between 220 - 286 miles (354 - 460 km) above the Earth, and an orbital inclination of 51.6?, providing an excellent stage for observing most populated areas of the world.


Purpose: A picture may be worth a thousand words, but to science, images of Earth captured by ISS crew members through the Crew Earth Observation (CEO) program may be priceless. Available online (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov), these images have appeared in scientific papers on a variety of subjects, including Tahiti?s giant clams, urban vegetation, coral reefs, algal blooms, night-time remote sensing, and the break-up of Antarctic ice shelves. Scientists have also used CEO images for a global inventory of a new class of landform, megafans of river sediments in continental basins. Analysis of megafans may contribute to mineral exploration and has suggested the existence of past river systems on Mars.

The photographs from Crew Earth Observations (CEO) document human impacts on Earth, such as city growth, agricultural expansion, and reservoir construction and other natural phenomenon like volcanoes and hurricanes.


Through their photography of the Earth, International Space Station (ISS) crewmembers build on the time series of imagery started with the first human spaceflights, ensuring that this continuous record of Earth remains unbroken.


Photographs taken from ISS accounts for almost one half of all Earth photographs from human space flight.


During Increments 19 through 26, a new activity is conducted in collaboration with the celebration of Darwin's 200th Birthday (February 12, 1809) Celebrations and the Voyage of the HMS Beagle activities. This project was initiated by an agreement between NASA and the HMS Beagle Trust (also known as The Beagle Project) as an international collaboration of scientists for the observation and exploration of the sites visited during the HMS Beagle's Voyages. The ISS crewmembers photograph sites and phenomena including land use and plankton blooms, in response to requests made from the scientists on the ground.

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Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Earth Science and Remote Sensing (ESRS) Unit, NASA Johnson Space Center
Dataset Title: NASA Crew Earth Observations (CEO) Astronaut Photography
Dataset Release Date: 1961-01-01T00:00:00.000Z
Dataset Release Place: Houston, TX
Dataset Publisher: NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Version: Not provided
Data Presentation Form: Digital imagery
Online Resource: http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1961-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > AFRICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > ANGOLA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CAMEROON
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CHAD
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CONGO
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > EQUATORIAL GUINEA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > GABON
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > LAKE CHAD
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > ZAIRE
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > BURUNDI
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > DJIBOUTI
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > PAKISTAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TAJIKISTAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TURKMENISTAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > UZBEKISTAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > BURMA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > CAMBODIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > THAILAND
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > VIETNAM
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHERN ASIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > ARMENIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > AZERBAIJAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > BLACK SEA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > CASPIAN SEA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > GEORGIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > BAHRAIN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > GAZA STRIP
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > IRAQ
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > ISRAEL
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > JORDAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > KUWAIT
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > LEBANON
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > OMAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > PALESTINE
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > QATAR
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > SAUDI ARABIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > YEMEN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > TURKEY
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > NEW ZEALAND
CONTINENT > EUROPE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > BELARUS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > BULGARIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > BYELORUSSIAN SSR
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > CZECH REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > HUNGARY
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > LUXEMBOURG
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > MONACO
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > NETHERLANDS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > PORTUGAL
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > SWITZERLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > ALBERTA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > BRITISH COLUMBIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > GEORGIAN BAY
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > GREAT LAKES, CANADA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > HUDSON BAY
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > MANITOBA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEW BRUNSWICK
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NOVA SCOTIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NOVA SCOTIA > SCOTIAN SHELF
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NUNAVUT
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > ONTARIO
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > QUEBEC
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > SASKATCHEWAN
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > YUKON TERRITORY
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > BELIZE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > COSTA RICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > EL SALVADOR
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > GUATEMALA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > HONDURAS
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > NICARAGUA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > PANAMA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > MEXICO
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALABAMA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > OKLAHOMA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > OREGON
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > PENNSYLVANIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > RHODE ISLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH DAKOTA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TENNESSEE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TEXAS
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > UTAH
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > VERMONT
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > VIRGINIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WASHINGTON
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WEST VIRGINIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WISCONSIN
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WYOMING
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > AMAZONIA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ARGENTINA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BOLIVIA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BRAZIL
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > CHILE
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > COLOMBIA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ECUADOR
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > FRENCH GUIANA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > GUYANA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PARAGUAY
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PERU
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > SURINAME
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > URUGUAY
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > VENEZUELA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > CENTRAL EUROPE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > HAWAII ISLAND
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > KAHOOLAWE
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > KAUAI
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > LANAI
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > MAUI
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > MOLOKAI
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > NIIHAU
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS > OAHU
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > ANDAMAN ISLANDS
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > ARABIAN SEA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > BAY OF BENGAL
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > BRUNEI
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > CHRISTMAS ISLAND
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > INDONESIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MADAGASCAR
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MALAYSIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MALDIVES
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MAURITIUS
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > RED SEA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > REUNION
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SEYCHELLES
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SINGAPORE
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SRI LANKA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > ZANZIBAR


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >AIRGLOW    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >TROPOSPHERIC/LOW LEVEL CLOUDS (OBSERVED/ANALYZED) >FOG    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >TROPOSPHERIC/MID-LEVEL CLOUDS (OBSERVED/ANALYZED)
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >ICE STORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >MONSOONS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >RAIN STORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >SNOW STORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >TORNADOES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >TROPICAL CYCLONE MOTION >TYPHOONS (WESTERN N. PACIFIC)
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACK >TYPHOONS (WESTERN N. PACIFIC)
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >ANTHROPOGENIC/HUMAN INFLUENCED ECOSYSTEMS >AGRICULTURAL LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >ANTHROPOGENIC/HUMAN INFLUENCED ECOSYSTEMS >URBAN LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >ESTUARINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >LACUSTRINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >MARINE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >MARSHES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >PALUSTRINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >PEATLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >RIPARIAN WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >SWAMPS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS >COASTAL >BEACHES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS >COASTAL >DUNES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >ALPINE/TUNDRA    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >DESERTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >FORESTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >GRASSLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >ISLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >KARST LANDSCAPE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SAVANNAS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SHRUBLAND/SCRUB    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >ESTUARINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >LACUSTRINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >MARINE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >MARSHES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >PALUSTRINE WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >PEATLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >RIPARIAN WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >SWAMPS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >EXTREME WEATHER    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS >ICE EDGES    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS >ICE FLOES    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS >ICE GROWTH/MELT    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS >RIVER ICE DEPTH/EXTENT    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >GROUND ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >ROCK GLACIERS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >SEASONALLY FROZEN GROUND    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICEBERGS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE EDGES    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE EXTENT    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICEBERGS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ECONOMIC RESOURCES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HUMAN SETTLEMENTS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HUMAN SETTLEMENTS >COASTAL AREAS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HUMAN SETTLEMENTS >RURAL AREAS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HUMAN SETTLEMENTS >URBAN AREAS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >BUILDINGS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >TRANSPORTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >DROUGHTS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >EARTHQUAKES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >FLOODS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >LAND SUBSIDENCE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >LANDSLIDES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >SEVERE STORMS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TORNADOES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >CYCLONES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >HURRICANES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >SEVERE CYCLONIC STORMS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >SEVERE TROPICAL CYCLONES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >TYPHOONS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TSUNAMIS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >WILDFIRES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >GROUND ICE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >ROCK GLACIERS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES >CRESCENTIC (BARCHAN/TRANSVERSE) DUNE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES >DOME DUNE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES >LONGITUDINAL/LINEAR DUNE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES >PARABOLIC DUNE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES >STAR DUNE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >RIPPLES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN PROCESSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN PROCESSES >WEATHERING    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >BEACHES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >CORAL REEFS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >DELTAS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >DUNES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >ESTUARIES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >FJORDS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >HEADLANDS/BAYS/CAPE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >INLETS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >ISTHMUS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >LAGOONS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >SHORELINES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >BAYOU    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >CANYON    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >DELTAS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >MARSH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >RIVER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >VALLEY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >GLACIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >GLACIAL LANDFORMS >FJORDS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >GLACIAL LANDFORMS >ROCK GLACIERS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >KARST LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >TECTONIC LANDFORMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >TECTONIC LANDFORMS >VOLCANO    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY    [Definition]
OCEANS >BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >CORAL REEFS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >DELTAS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >DUNES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >ESTUARIES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >FJORDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >INLETS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >INTERTIDAL ZONE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >LAGOONS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >MANGROVES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >MARSHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >ROCKY COASTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE EDGES    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE EXTENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE TYPES    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICEBERGS    [Definition]
OCEANS >TIDES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN LANDFORMS >DUNES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >AEOLIAN PROCESSES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >BEACHES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >CORAL REEFS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >DELTAS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >DUNES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >ESTUARIES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >FJORDS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >HEADLANDS/BAYS/CAPE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >INLETS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >ISTHMUS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >LAGOONS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL LANDFORMS >SHORELINES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >COASTAL PROCESSES >SUBSIDENCE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >BAYOU    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >CANYON    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >DELTAS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >ENDORHERIC BASIN    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >FLOOD PLAIN    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >ISLAND    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >MARSH    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >MEANDER    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >OX-BOW LAKE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >PINGO    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >POINT BAR    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >POND    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >RIFFLE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >RIVER    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >SPRING    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >STREAM    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS >VALLEY    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >GLACIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >GLACIAL LANDFORMS >FJORDS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >TECTONIC LANDFORMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >TECTONIC LANDFORMS >VOLCANO    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >AURORAE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICEBERGS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER FEATURES >LAKES/RESERVOIRS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER FEATURES >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER FEATURES >WETLANDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >FLOODS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >WEATHER EVENTS >TROPICAL CYCLONES >TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACK >HURRICANES (N. ATLANTIC/E. PACIFIC)


Platform
APOLLO    [Information]
GEMINI    [Information]
GEMINI-10    [Information]
GEMINI-11    [Information]
GEMINI-12    [Information]
GEMINI-3    [Information]
GEMINI-4    [Information]
GEMINI-5    [Information]
GEMINI-6    [Information]
GEMINI-7    [Information]
GEMINI-8    [Information]
GEMINI-9    [Information]
ISS >International Space Station    [Information]
MERCURY    [Information]
SKYLAB    [Information]
OV-099 >Challenger Space Shuttle    [Information]
OV-102 >Columbia Space Shuttle    [Information]
OV-103 >Discovery Space Shuttle    [Information]
OV-104 >Atlantis Space Shuttle    [Information]
OV-105 >Endeavour Space Shuttle    [Information]
SPACE SHUTTLES    [Information]
SPACELAB-1    [Information]
SPACELAB-3    [Information]
STS-11 >Space Transport System STS-11    [Information]
STS-2 >Space Transport System STS-2    [Information]
STS-34 >Space Transport System STS-34    [Information]
STS-39 >Space Transport System STS-39    [Information]
STS-41G >Space Transport System STS-41G    [Information]
STS-41 >Space Transport System STS-41    [Information]
STS-43 >Space Transport System STS-43    [Information]
STS-45 >Space Transport System STS-45    [Information]
STS-51B >Space Transport System STS-51B    [Information]
STS-51F >Space Transport System STS-51F    [Information]
STS-55 >Space Transport System STS-55    [Information]
STS-56 >Space Transport System STS-56    [Information]
STS-59 >Space Transport System STS-59    [Information]
STS-62 >Space Transport System STS-62    [Information]
STS-64 >Space Transport System STS-64    [Information]
STS-66 >Space Transport System STS-66    [Information]
STS-68 >Space Transport System STS-68    [Information]
STS-72 >Space Transport System STS-72    [Information]
STS-7 >Space Transport System STS-7    [Information]
STS-99 >Space Transport System STS-99    [Information]
STS-9 >Space Transport System STS-9    [Information]


Instrument
Cameras    [Information]
MULTILENS CAMERAS
WAC >Wide Angle Camera    [Information]
WFC >Wide Field Camera    [Information]


Quality
Available online (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov), these images have appeared in scientific papers on a variety of subjects, including Tahiti?s giant clams, urban vegetation, coral reefs, algal blooms, night-time remote sensing, and the break-up of Antarctic ice shelves. Scientists have also used CEO images for a global inventory of a new class of landform, megafans of river sediments in continental basins. Analysis of megafans may contribute to mineral exploration and has suggested the existence of past river systems on Mars.


Use Constraints
To use astronaut photography of Earth accessed through this website, please state "Image courtesy of the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA Johnson Space Center" or "Video courtesy of the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA Johnson Space Center" as appropriate. We recommend that the caption for any photograph published include the unique photo number (Mission-Roll-Frame), and our website (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov) so that others can locate or obtain copies when needed. For videos, we recommend that the caption published include the title and a link to the video page (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/BeyondThePhotography/CrewEarthObservationsV...) on our website. We always appreciate notification of beneficial uses of astronaut photography of Earth and information on your applications. This will help us continue to maintain these services for the public. Send e-mail to jsc-earthweb@mail.nasa.gov.


Keywords
Astronaut Photography


Data Set Progress
ACTIVE


Data Center
Earth Science and Remote Sensing (ESRS), NASA JSC Crew Earth Observations (CEO), Earth Sciences and Image Analysis, Johnson Space Center, NASA    [Information]
Data Center URL: https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WILLIAM L STEFANOV
Phone: 281-483-5139
Fax: 281-483-1573
Email: jsc-earthweb at mail.nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Johnson Space Center
City: Houston
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 77058
Country: USA


Personnel
WILLIAM L STEFANOV
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 281-483-5139
Fax: 281-483-1573
Email: jsc-earthweb at mail.nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Johnson Space Center
City: Houston
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 77058
Country: USA


MELISSA HIGGINS
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 281-483-0303
Email: melissa.higgins at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Johnson Space Center
City: Houston
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 77058
Country: USA


JANICE LEE
Role: METADATA AUTHOR
Phone: 281-483-2522
Email: janice.s.lee at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Johnson Space Center
City: Houston
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 77058
Country: USA


Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2016-11-03
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-08-29



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