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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Concentration of aerosols, gaseous sulfur compounds and oxidants in the southern atmosphere (Coastal Antarctica, Dumont d'Urville Station)
Entry ID: 414_0_IPEV_FR


Summary
Abstract: This program is dedicated to the study of key atmospheric species present in the lower troposphere at mid and high southern latitudes, these regions being still undisturbed by human activities. The present lack of atmospheric data in these regions, where it is still possible to examine the natural variability of the chemical composition of the atmosphere and its complexity, motivates this study. For instance, the project is focused on gaseous DMS emitted by the marine biota which by oxidation produces fine sulfur particles able to intercept solar radiations and thus to force the climate. Reversely, climatic conditions influence the state of the marine biota and a negative feedback would take place in response to the global warming.

This study is carried out by trapping gases and particles present in the atmosphere, some analysis such as the DMS one being necessary done at the site. Sampling of seawater during ship traverses and offshore stations are analyzed for DMSP to gain a better understanding of the oceanic source (satellite data being not always sufficient). Furthermore, a study of atmospheric oxidants who convert DMS into fine sulfur particles is carried out. These studies are achieved at DDU, Amsterdam and Crozet to provide a global view on mid and high latitude of the Austral Ocean. The observed interannual variations of the atmospheric chemistry are then compared to various environmental data (ocean colour, sea ice extend, state of the ozone layer, meteorological parameters) in view to understand the cause of their temporal variations. Such long term year-round data set will also permit to detect in the future a possible retroaction of the natural environment of this region to global climate change. Furthermore, such studies are stimulated by the study of glacier archives which open the possibility to reconstruct the past composition of the atmosphere, as far as the relation linking the composition of air and that of snow is enough known. Finally such king of studies has also recently been set up at the new over winter station located at 3000 asl on the high Antarctic plateau (Dome Concordia).

Related URL
Link: PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Public information for CESOA Observatory. Description of sampling and analytical methods. Access to the ftp data site.

Geographic Coverage
 N: -66.666 S: -66.666  E: 140.0  W: 140.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: M. Legrand, S. Preunkert, B. Jourdain
Dataset Title: data from the CESOA Observatory
Dataset Release Date: 0000-00-00
Dataset Release Place: Dumont D'Urville Station
Online Resource: http://www-lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr/CESOA/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1991-03-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > Dumont d'Urville Station
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 66°40'S
Longitude Resolution: 140°01'E
Vertical Resolution: ground base measurements
Temporal Resolution: daily


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >NITRATE PARTICLES >ATMOSPHERIC NITRATE CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >SULFATE PARTICLES >ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE, METHANE SULFONIC ACID, SEA-SALT CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE >TROPOSPHERIC OZONE CONCENTRATIONS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >DIMETHYL SULFIDE >TROPOSPHERIC DIMETHYL SULFIDE CONCENTRATIONS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >DIMETHYL SULFIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >SULFUR DIOXIDE >TROPOSPHERIC SULFUR DIOXIDE CONCENTRATIONS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >SULFUR DIOXIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >TROPOSPHERIC DIMETHYL SULFIDE, DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE, SULFUR DIOXIDE, METHANE SULFO    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >SULFATE >ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS AT DUMONT D'URVILLE STATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >SULFUR COMPOUNDS >SULFATE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Quality
Details concerning the used protocols are given on the CESOA web site (http://www-lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr/CESOA/)


Access Constraints
Login and Password required to access the data. Contact cesoa@lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr


Use Constraints
Please cite data provider: "data from CESOA Observatory - M. Legrand, S. Preunkert and B. Jourdain, available at http://www-lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr/CESOA/ "

Please send a copy or pdf file of any publication using CESOA data to the investigator.


Keywords
dimethyl sulfur
DMS
dimethyl sulfoxide
methane sulfonique acid
sea-salt


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Geophysique de lEnvironnement, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://lgge.osug.fr

Data Center Personnel
Name: LABORATOIRE DE GLACIOLOGIE ET GÉOPHYSIQUE DE L?ENVIRONNEMENT (LGGE) CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
Phone: +33 4 76 82 42 00
Fax: +33 4 76 82 42 01
Email: ontact at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
Contact Address:
54, rue Molière
City: BP 96
Province or State: Saint-Martin d?Hères cedex
Postal Code: F-38402
Country: France



Distribution
Distribution_Media: ELECTRONIC MEDIA > Online FTP
Distribution_Size: 15 Ko uncompressed
Distribution_Format: CSV > Comma-separated values
Fees: Free


Personnel
MICHEL LEGRAND
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: legrand at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
Contact Address:
LGGE
54 rue Moliere
City: Saint Martin d'Heres
Postal Code: 38400
Country: France


BRUNO JOURDAIN
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +33 4 76 82 42 07
Email: cesoa at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
Contact Address:
LGGE
54 rue Moliere
City: Saint Martin d'Heres
Postal Code: 38400
Country: France


SUSANNE PREUNKERT
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +33 4 76 82 42 07
Email: cesoa at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
Contact Address:
LGGE
54 rue Moliere
City: Saint Martin d'Heres
Postal Code: 38400
Country: France


Publications/References
Wolff, E., M. Legrand, and D. Wagenbach, Coastal antarctic aerosol and snowfall chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 10,927-10,934, 1998.

Minikin, A., M. Legrand, J. Hall, D. Wagenbach, C. Kleefeld, E. Wolff, E.C. Pasteur, and F. Ducroz, Sulfur-containing spacies (sulfate and methanesulfonate) in coastal Antarctic aerosol and precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 10,975-10,990, 1998.

Wagenbach, D., F. Ducroz, R. Mulvaney, L. Keck, A. Minikin, M. Legrand, J. Hall, and E. Wolff, Sea salt aerosol in coastal Antarctic regions, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 10,961-10,974, 1998.

Wagenbach, D., M. Legrand, H. Fischer, P. Pichlmayer, and E. Wolff, Atmospheric near surface nitrate at coastal Antarctic sites, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 10,961-10,974, 1998.

Wolff, E., J. Hall, R. Mulvaney, E. Pasteur, D. Wagenbach, and M. Legrand, Relationship between chemistry of air, fresh snow and firn cores for aerosol species in coastal Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 11,057-11,070, 1998.

Legrand, M. and E.C. Pasteur, Methane sulfonic acid to non-sea-salt sulfate ratio in coastal Antarctic aerosol and surface snow, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 10,991-11,006, 1998.

M. Legrand and D. Wagenbach, impact of the Cerro Hudson and Pinatubo volcanic eruptions on the antarctic air and snow chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 1581-1596, 1999.

M. Legrand, E. Wolff, and D. Wagenbach, Antarctic aerosol and snowfall chemistry: Implications for deep Antarctic ice core chemistry, Ann. Glaciol., 29, 66-72, 2000.

M. Legrand, J. Sciare, B. Jourdain, and C. Genthon, Daily variations of dimethyl sulfide, dimethyl sulfoxide, methanesulfonate, and non-sea-salt sulfate aerosols at Dumont d’Urville (December 1998-March 1999), J. Geophys. Res., 106, 14,409-14,422, 2001.

Cosme E., Genthon C., Martinerie P., Boucher O., and Pham M., 2002, The sulfur cycle at high southern latitudes in the LMD-ZT general circulation model, J. Geophys. Res., 106, doi:10.1029/2002JD002149.

Jourdain B. and Legrand M., 2002, Year-round records of bulk and size-segregated aerosol composition and HCl and HNO3 levels in the Dumont d’Urville (coastal Antarctica) atmosphere: Implications for sea-salt aerosol in the winter and summer, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2002JD002471.

Legrand M., Preunkert S., Jourdain B., and Aumont B., 2004, Year-round records of gas and particulate carboxylic acids (formate and acetate) in the boundary layer at Dumont d’Urville (coastal Antarctica), J. Geophys. Res, 109, D06313, doi:10.1029/2003JD003786.

Preunkert, S., Legrand M., Jourdain B., Moulin C., Belviso S., Kasamatsu N., Fukuchi M., and Hirawake T. (2007), Interannual variability of dimethylsulfide in air and seawater and its atmospheric oxidation by-products (methanesulfonate and sulfate) at Dumont d’Urville, coastal Antarctica (19992003), J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06306, doi:10.1029/2006JD007585

Delille B., Jourdain B., Borges A.V., Tison J.-L., and Delille D. (2007), Biogas (CO2, O2, dimethylsulfide) dynamics in spring Antarctic fast ice, Limnol. Oceanogr., 52(4), 1367-1379

Preunkert, S., Jourdain B., Legrand M., Udisti R., Becagli S., and Cerri O. (2008), Seasonality of sulfur species (dimethylsulfide, sulfate, and methanesulfonate) in Antarctica: Inland versus coastal regions, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15302, doi:10.1029/2008JD009937.

Legrand M., Preunkert S., Jourdain B., Gallée H., Goutail F., Weller R., and Savarino J. (2009), Year round record of surface ozone at coastal (Dumont d’Urville) and inland (Concordia) sites in East Antarctica, , J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2008JD011667, in press.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-08-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-12-06



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