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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Ecological Forecasting: Land Cover 2005 Level I - IV
Entry ID: KU_KARS_LULC_ecoforecast

Abstract: The 2005 Kansas Land Cover Patterns (KLCP) Mapping Initiative was a two-phase mapping endeavor that occurred over a three-year period (2007-2009). Note that while the processing occurred during the 2207-2009 period, all satellite data used in the project was acquired in 2005. Concurrent with mapping the state of Kansas, the Kansas River Watershed was also mapped. The Kansas River Watershed extends into southern Nebraska and includes a portion of eastern Colorado. During Phase I a Modified Level I map was produced. In Phase II a series of maps, Modified Level II through IV, were produced. All KLCP 2005 map products were produced at four spatial extents: the state of Kansas plus a 300 meter buffer, a DEM-derived watershed boundary of the Kansas River, the Kansas River watershed boundary plus a 1,000 meter buffer, and a combined dataset of the state of Kansas plus 300 meter buffer and the watershed plus 1,000 meter buffer.These extents are annotated in the file names with the extentions k, w, wb, and kwb respectively.

The goal of Phase II was to map subclasses for grassland and cropland, classes which were mapped during Phase I. For the Level II map, cool- and warm-season grasslands were mapped along with Spring Crop, Summer Crop, Alfalfa, Fallow, and Double-Crop classes. For the Level III map, the Summer Crop subclasses Corn, Soybean, and Sorghum were mapped, and the Spring Crop class was reassigned to Winter Wheat. In the Level IV map, irrigation status was mapped and added to the Level III crop type map.The Kansas Land Cover Patterns Level IV map contains twenty-four land use/land cover classes and has a positional accuracy and spatial resolution appropriate for producing 1:50,000 scale maps. The minimum map unit (MMU) varies by land cover class and ranges from 0.22 to 5.12 acres.

In general, the mapping methodology used a hybrid, hierarchical classification of multi-temporal, multi-resolution imagery to develop modified Anderson Level II through Anderson Level IV land cover maps of the Kansas River Watershed and the State of Kansas. More specifically, multi-seasonal Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery from the 2004 and 2005 growing season was used to map the grassland subclasses (cool- and warm-season grasslands). while MODIS NDVI time-series imagery from the 2005 growing season was used to map cropland subclasses.

The land use/land cover classes in the Level IV map are coded hierarchically to allow aggregation of land use and land cover classes as needed by the end-user. For example, a user can aggregate the Level IV map classes to a Level III classification by ignoring or eliminating the last digit of each land use/land cover class. Likewise, a Level II and Level I map can be created from the Level IV map by eliminating the last two and three digits, respectively, from each Level IV land use/land cover class.

A formal accuracy assessment found the Level II, Level III, and Level IV maps to have overall accuracy levels of 86.3%, 82.0%, and 74.3%, respectively. User and Producer (per-class errors of commission and omission) accuracies vary by land cover class and users are encouraged to reference the reported accuracy levels in the final report and/or metadata when using the Kansas Land Cover Patterns map series. Digital versions of the map, metadata, and accuracy assessment can be accessed from the Data Access Support Center ( or the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program (

This database was developed as part of the Core Database for the State of Kansas. It is suited for county-level and watershed-level analysis that involve land use and land cover.

[Summary provided by the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing, KARS, at the Kansas Biological Survey.]

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: ZIP file containing Kansas River Watershed land cover 2005 dataset in GIS-ready formats.

Link: View Related Information
Description: Kansas River Watershed land cover 2005 dataset in Google Earth format (.kmz).

Link: View Related Information
Description: Kansas River Watershed Land Cover 2005 WMS Service.

Link: View Related Information
Description: KCLP 2005 Project page.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 40.15125 S: 36.84536  E: -94.5536  W: -102.298584

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Stephen Egbert
Dataset Title: Ecological Forecasting: Land Cover 2005 Level I - IV
Dataset Release Date: 2008-11-07T00:00:00.000Z
Dataset Release Place: Kansas
Dataset Publisher: Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program at the Kansas Biological Survey
Version: Not provided
Data Presentation Form: Map represented in raster or vector form
Online Resource:

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2005-12-31
Stop Date: 2005-12-31

Location Keywords

Science Keywords

LANDSAT-7    [Information]
Terra >Earth Observing System, Terra (AM-1)    [Information]
Aqua >Earth Observing System, Aqua    [Information]

MODIS >Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer    [Information]
TM >Thematic Mapper    [Information]

ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
OGC/WMS >Open Geospatial Consortium/Web Map Service    [Information]

This database was developed as part of the Core Database for the State of Kansas. It is suited for county-level and watershed-level analyzes that involve land use and land cover.

See abstract for accuracy assessment results.

The eleven mapped classes are defined as:

Commercial/Industrial (class code 11)- commercial/industrial land consists of areas of intensive use with much of the land covered by structures or other hard surfaces. These areas are used predominantly for the manufacture and sale of products and/or services. This category includes the central business districts of cities, towns, and villages; suburban shopping centers and strip developments; educational, governmental, religious, health, correctional and institutional facilities; industrial and commercial complexes; and communications, power, and transportation facilities. The main buildings, secondary structures, and areas supporting the basic use are all included - office buildings, warehouses, driveways, parking lots, landscaped areas, streets, etc. Highways or interstate systems running through the core of urban areas, are also included in this class.

Residential (class code 12)- residential land consists of areas of medium density housing characterized by a more or less even distribution of vegetative cover and houses/garages, to high density housing characterized by multi-unit structures such as apartment complexes. Linear residential developments along transportation routes extending outward from urban areas are included. Rural subdivisions not directly connected to the core of an urbanized area are also included. The main buildings, secondary structures, and immediate surrounding landscape are all included (i.e., house, apartment complexes, streets, garages, driveways, parking areas, lawns, trees, etc.).

Urban-Openland (class code 13)- urban-openland consists of areas with uses such as golf courses, zoos, urban parks, cemeteries, and undeveloped land within an urban setting. Low density rural residential areas may also be included in this category. This category also includes tracts of land that have been zoned residential or commercial, but have yet to be developed.

Urban-Woodland (class code 14)- urban-woodland consists of wooded tracts within a town or city. These wooded tracts maybe associated with golf courses, zoos, urban parks, and other undeveloped land.

Urban-Water (class code 15)- urban-water consists of any open surface water within a town or city. This includes ponds, lakes, sewage settling ponds, etc.

Cropland (class code 20)- cropland includes all areas with actively growing row crop and small grains, as well as harvested lands, fallow land, and large, uniform areas of bare, plowed ground.

Grassland (class code 30)- this category includes all pasture (hayed land), rangeland, and other grasslands having insufficient trees and/or shrubs to be classified as "woodland". It does NOT include conservation reserve program (CRP) land.

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Land (class code 31)- this category includes all lands enrolled in the conservation reserve program as determined by the 2005 Common Land Unit (CLU) database.

Woodland (class code 40) - this class includes any wooded areas having a canopy closure of 50% and greater.

Water (class code 50) - all open water bodies, including reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Ephemeral streams may not be represented.

Other (class code 60)- the "other" class is used to identify land cover land use classes not previously defined. In general, this class is used for exposed bare ground other than cropland. Examples include rock quarries, sand and gravel pits, sandbars, and built-up areas less than 40 acres.

The Kansas Biological Survey (KBS) and its representatives make no warranty or representation, either expressed or implied, with respect to the digital data and their documentation, their quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The digital data are distributed on "as is" basis, and the user assumes all risk as to their quality, the results obtained from their use, and the performance of the data. In no event will the KBS or its representatives be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages resulting from and defect in the KBS's digital data or in their documentation. This disclaimer of warranty is exclusive and in lieu of all others, oral or written, expressed or implied. No agent or employee is authorized to make any modification, extension, or addition to this warranty.

land cover

Data Set Progress

Data Center
Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program, University of Kansas    [Information]
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: 785-864-1507
Fax: 785-864-1534
Email: s-egbert at
Contact Address:
2101 Constant Avenue
City: Lawrence
Province or State: Kansas
Postal Code: 66047
Country: US

Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees

Phone: 785-864-1507
Fax: 785-864-1534
Email: s-egbert at
Contact Address:
2101 Constant Avenue
City: Lawrence
Province or State: Kansas
Postal Code: 66047
Country: US

Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-08-17
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-11-08