EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > FOREST COMPOSITION/VEGETATION STRUCTURE
Forest Composition refers to the tree species which make up the forest.
Vegetation Structure refers to the vertical arrangement of canopy layers and
plants of different life forms, or the horizontal variation in canopy
closure and canopy layers, or both. Vegetation Structure also includes
standing dead trees (snags) and decaying logs on the ground (coarse woody
Kimmins, J.P. 1997. Forest Ecology. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New