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1. Behavior of Columns During Earthquakes [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01215]
The behavior of columns during earthquakes is very important since column failures may lead to additional structural failures and result in total building collapses. For example, in the Mexico City ...


2. Cape Mendocino, CA Earthquakes, April 25 & 26, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01209]
On April 25, 1992, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred in the Cape Mendocino area. Two additional earthquakes, magnitudes 6.6 and 6.7 occurred the next morning. The first earthquake was located six ...


3. Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake, September 21, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G02115]
On September 21, 1999, at 1:47 AM local time, a magnitude MW 7.6 earthquake was felt throughout the island of Taiwan. A five county area, including the city of Taichung, experienced the greatest number ...


4. Crater Peak (Mt. Spurr), Alaska: Eruptions of 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01228]
Alaska has a number of active and potentially active volcanoes. More than one-half of the population of Alaska lives within 300 km of an active volcano. In the last 100 years there have been two eruptions ...


5. Duzce, Turkey Earthquake, November 12, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01934]
The magnitude 7.2 quake occurred at 6.57 pm local time (16:57 GMT). Duzce lies on the eastern fringe of the region hit by the August 17 quake. Some areas experienced a one-two punch from the 1999 ...


6. Earthquake Damage - General [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01194]
An earthquake is the motion or trembling of the ground produced by sudden displacement of rock in the Earth's crust. Earthquakes result from crustal strain, volcanism, landslides, and collapse of ...


7. Earthquake Damage in San Francisco, CA, April 18, 1906 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01195]
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the largest event (magnitude 8.3) to occur in the conterminous United States in the 20th Century. Recent estimates indicate that as many as 3,000 people lost ...


8. Earthquake Damage to Schools [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01198]
This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be inside at the time of the earthquake. ...


9. Earthquake Damage to Transportation Systems [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01197]
Earthquakes represent one of the most destructive natural hazards known to man. A serious result of large-magnitude earthquakes is the disruption of transportation systems, which limits post-disaster ...


10. Earthquake Damage, Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01204]
On December 7, 1988, at 11:41 A.M. local time a magnitude 6.9 earthquake shook northwestern Armenia and was followed four minutes later by a magnitude 5.8 aftershock. Swarms of aftershocks, some as ...


11. Earthquake Damage, Northern Iran, June 21, 1990 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01207]
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake occurred in the Gilan Province between the towns of Rudbar and Manjil in northern Iran on Thursday, June 21, 1990. The event, the largest ever to be recorded in that part ...


12. Earthquakes in Central California, 1980-1984 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01202]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in central California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Livermore, 1980, Coalinga, 1983; and Morgan Hill, 1984. All ...


13. Earthquakes in Southern California [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01201]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in Southern California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Imperial Valley, 1979, Westmorland, 1981, Palm Springs, 1986; ...


14. El Quindio Colombia Earthquake, January 25, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01379]
The El Quindio earthquake was one of the most destructive natural disasters to have occurred in Colombia in recent years. Long lasting economic and social impacts will continue to be felt in Armenia ...


15. Environmental Hazards and Mud Volcanoes in Romania [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01208]
Romania, an eastern European country, is severely affected by a variety of natural hazards. These include frequent earthquakes, floods, landslides, soil erosion, and drought all of which have major ...


16. Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01224]
The May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens was the most destructive in the history of the United States. Mt. Saint Helens is located in southwest Washington in the Cascade Range, a mountain range ...


17. Fire vs Water: Erosional/Depositional Geology, Hawaiian Islands [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01274]
Even a casual, untrained observer will see evidence that opposing forces have formed the Hawaiian Islands. The massive and lofty volcanoes have been scoured, abraded, and lacerated by streams and ...


18. Great Alaska Earthquake, Prince William Sound, March 28, 1964 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01200]
The Prince William Sound magnitude 8.4 earthquake at 03:36 UT on March 28, 1964, was one of the largest shocks ever recorded on the North American Continent. The quake was felt over 500,000 square ...


19. Great Chile Earthquake of May 22, 1960 - Anniversary Edition [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01935]
On May 22, 1960 (19:11 UTC), a Mw 9.5 earthquake occurred in southern Chile (39.5 S, 74.5 W). This was the largest earthquake ever instrumentally recorded. (It was not the largest in terms of dollar ...


20. Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake, January 17, 1995 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01214]
The Earthquake - At 5:46 A.M. local time on January 17, 1995, a major earthquake occurred near the City of Kobe, Japan. The 6.9 magnitude earthquake had 40 km of bilateral rupture from a hypocenter ...


21. Hawaii Volcanism: Impact on the Environment [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01225]
Fewer than one hundred people have been killed by eruptions in the recorded history of Hawaii, and only one death has occurred in the 20th Century. However, the lava flows are highly destructive to ...


22. Hawaii Volcanism: Lava Forms [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01226]
Over the last several million years the Hawaiian Islands have been built of successive lava flows. They are the most recent additions in a long line of volcanoes that extends up the intersection of ...


23. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999, Set 2, Structural Damage [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01958]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:01 A.M. local time (00:01:39.8 UTC) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred along the westernmost North Anatolian fault. The earthquake epicenter was 11 km (7 mi) southeast ...


24. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999. Set 1, Coastal Effects [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01933]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:02 am local time (00:02 GMT) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred on the northern Anatolian fault. The epicenter was located very close to the south shore of the Bay of ...


25. Landers and Big Bear California Earthquakes, June 28, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01210]
California residents were rudely awakened early Sunday morning June 28, 1992, by an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 (Ms) followed by a smaller 6.7 (s) magnitude earthquake about three hours later. The ...


26. Landslides, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01372]
This set expands the topics included in Set 1 and includes (in addition to landslides) rockfalls, rock avalanches, mud flows, debris flows, slumps, creep, and sinkholes. The photos were taken in California, ...


27. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01205]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Movement occurred along a 40-km segment of the San Andreas fault from southwestof Los Gatos to ...


28. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01206]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. This earthquake is also known as the "San Francisco World Series Earthquake." The slide set focuses ...


29. Major Tsunamis of 1992 - Nicaragua and Indonesia [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01219]
At 7:16 p.m. on September 1, 1992, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 generated a tsunami with waves between eight and fifteen meters high that struck twenty-six towns along 250 km of Nicaragua's ...


30. Mount Pinatubo Revisited; A Study of Lahar Erosion [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01230]
At dawn on June 15, 1991, a cataclysmic eruption began with a tremendous explosion that destroyed ten deserted villages. This eruption deposited approximately 5 to 7 km3 of volcanic fragments in pyroclastic ...


31. Mount Pinatubo, Philippines: June 1991 Eruptions [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01227]
Mount Pinatubo is an andesitic island arc volcano, located on the southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Prior to 1991 it had been dormant for more than 635 years. On April 2, 1991, the volcano, which ...


32. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01211]
At 4:31 A.M. (Local time) on Monday, January 17, 1994, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake twenty miles west northwest of downtown Los Angeles awoke nearly everyone in southern California. Damage was most ...


33. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01212]
On Monday, January 17, 1994, an earthquake occurred that took 57 lives and caused $10 billion in property damage. This slide set includes damaged structures in more distant communities including Sylmar, ...


34. Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01384]
On the evening of Friday July 17, 1998, a magnitude Ms 7.1 earthquake occurred near the northwest coast Papua New Guinea 850 km (510 miles ) northwest of Port Moresby, the capitol of Papua New Guinea ...


35. Past and Future Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Habitats and Species in the Greater Everglades (FISCHS) [USGS_SOFIA_fischs]
ABSTRACT: This integrated modeling project merges biological and hydrological models to develop tools to help resource management deal with the projected ecological consequences of of rising sea level ...


36. San Fernando Valley California Earthquakes of 1971 and 1994 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01213]
This slide set compares two earthquakes that were separated by a distance of 10 miles and a time of 23 years. Disproving the notion that once an earthquake has occurred, an area is safe from future ...


37. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01229]
A magnitude 8.1 earthquake occurred in the southern Kurils and on northern Hokkaido on Tuesday, October 5, 1994, (October 4 at 13:23 GMT). It was a sudden event, without any short-term precursors ...


38. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01373]
The first slide set of Shikotan, Kuril Islands focused on damage caused by the earthquake. This second set, depicts much of the tsunami damage that occurred. At Kuzhno-Kurilsk, Kunsashir Island, tsunami ...


39. Tsunamis - General [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01218]
Tsunami is a Japanese word meaning harbor wave. It is a water wave or a series of waves generated by an impulsive vertical displacement of the surface of the ocean or other body of water. This slide ...


40. Volcanic Rocks and Features [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01222]
Volcanoes have contributed significantly to the formation of the surface of our planet. Volcanism produced the crust we live on and most of the air we breathe. The remnants of an eruption reveal as ...


41. Volcanoes in Eruption - Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01221]
The word volcano is used to refer to the opening from which molten rock and gas issue from Earth's interior onto the surface, and also to the cone, hill, or mountain built up around the opening by ...


42. Volcanoes in Eruption - Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01223]
The word volcano is used to refer to the opening from which molten rock and gas issue from Earth's interior onto the surface, and also to the cone, hill, or mountain built up around the opening by ...


43. 1915 Pleasant Valley, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.40]
Oblique-slip fault produced during the 7.7 magnitude earthquake of 1915, Pleasant Valley, Nevada.


44. 1925 Clarkston Valley, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.37]
Location: east of Helena. Affected area: 803,000 square kilometers. Damage: $0.3 million. Chimneys fell in every direction from the shaking. In addition, brick and mortar structures were damaged. ...


45. 1946 Unimak Island, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.29]
On April 1, 1946, at 12:29 [local time] a rather strong magnitude 7.4 earthquake occurred with source to the south of Unimak Island, causing one of the most destructive tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean.


46. 1952 Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.35]
The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 9.0 (Mw) earthquake on Kamchatka where it caused severe damage. The tsunami then struck Midway (3,000 kilometers away), the Hawaiian Islands (5,200 kilometers ...


47. 1957 Aleutian Islands, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.30]
The magnitude 8.6 (Mw) earthquake occurred south of the Andreanof Islands, in the Aleutian Islands. It generated an 8-meter tsunami that did great damage on Adak Island, especially to the fuel and ...


48. 1960 Puerto Montt, Valdivia, Chile Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.25]
On May 22, 1960, a Mw 9.5 earthquake, the largest earthquake ever instrumentally recorded, occurred in southern Chile. The series of earthquakes that followed ravaged southern Chile and ruptured over ...


49. 1964 Niigata, Japan Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.3]
The magnitude 7.4 earthquake killed 26 and destroyed 3,018 houses and moderately or severely damaged 9,750 in Niigata prefecture.


50. 1965 Seattle, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.4]
The magnitude 6.5 earthquake killed 7 and caused 12.5 million in property damage.


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