Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region
Description:
Abstract:
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear to have limited the introduction of pathogens. There is a lack of knowledge about the route new micro-organisms may take if introduced to naive Antarctic host populations. We used genetic distances between populations of benign gastrointestinal bacteria to model the pattern of transmission of bacteria around the Ross Sea Region, to provide insight into the evolution of gut micro-organisms in the Ross Sea megafauna. Cloacal samples were collected from Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae), Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) and South Polar Skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) and rectal samples were collected from Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) at several sites in the Ross Sea Region. Feather samples were also collected from birds that were swabbed and water and soil samples were collected from the breeding grounds. Bacteria from these samples will be identified from sequences (PCR) for 16S. The information was used to establish an inventory of gastro intestinal bacteria that occur and to investigate micro-organism transfer between the environment, humans and other species. We also measured the extent of genetic intraspecific variation in the bacteria collected from different hosts to determine the extent of connections between bacteria parasitizing host species and host populations. Sites visited for samples include Cape Hallett, Cape Adare, Cape Wheatstone, Cotter Cliffs, Cape Royds, Cape Bird, Cape Crozier, Hutton Cliffs, Turtle Rock, Strand Moraines, Marble Point, the Sea ice of McMurdo Sound, Little Razorback Island, Turks Head, White Island and Tent Island.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Banks, J.C., Cary, S.C. and Hogg, I.D. 2009. The phylogeography of Adelie penguin faecal flora. Environmental Microbiology 11 (3): 577-588.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ninnes, C.E., Waas, J.R., Ling, N., Nakagawa, S., Banks, J.C., Bell, D.G., Bright, A., Carey, P.W., Chandler, J., Hudson, Q.J., Ingram, J.R., Lyall, K., Morgan, D.K.J., Stevens, M.I., Wallace, J., Möstl, E. Comparing plasma and faecal measures of steroid hormones in Adelie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae. Journal of comparative physiology B 2009. doi: 10.1007/s00360-009-0390-0
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20051126
Ending_Date: 20051211
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20061117
Ending_Date: 20061123
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.80276
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 170.31097
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.30797
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.000206
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: LGP > LATITUDINAL GRADIENT PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS SEA REGION
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: All remaining raw samples and genetic data are held by the investigator at the University of Waikato. GENBANK Accession numbers are in the publication.
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JONATHAN BANKS
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Address: THE UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO
Address: PRIVATE BAG 3105
City: HAMILTON
Country: NEW ZEALAND
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 7 838 4139
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 7 838 4324
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: j.banks@waikato.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K029_2005_2006_NZ
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Access_Instructions:
GENBANK: The publication lists all of the Accession Numbers from this project. Please use in conjunction.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.life.uiuc.edu/whitfield/people/Jonathan...
Access_Instructions:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20060320
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090921
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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