PFCs and Related Fluorochemicals in Albatrosses, Elephant Seals, Penguins and Polar Skua from the Southern Ocean

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: PFCs and Related Fluorochemicals in Albatrosses, Elephant Seals, Penguins and Polar Skua from the Southern Ocean
Description:
Abstract:
This dataset investigates the presence of perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) blood, unhatched Adelie penguin eggs and whole blood of South Polar skua collected during 1995-2005. PFCs have been used as surfactants in industrial and commercial products for over 50 years. PFCs are incredibly resistant to breakdown and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) are being considered for inclusion in the Stockholm Convention. PFOS was found in the blood of elephant seals from Antarctica at concentrations ranging from <0.08 to 3.52 ng/ml. PFOS was found in eggs (2.1-3.1 ng/g) and blood (<0.24-1.4 ng/ml) of polar skuas but was not detected in penguins from Antarctica indicating distribution of these compounds on a global scale even if contamination levels in the Antarctic is still low.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tao L, Kannan K, Kajiwara N, Costa MM., Fillmann G, Takahashi S, Tanabe S (2006) Perfluorooctanesulfonate and Related Fluorochemicals in Albatrosses, Elephant Seals, Penguins, and Polar Skuas from the Southern Ocean. Environ Sci Technol. 40 (24), 7642 -7648
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Corsolini, S., Kannan, K., Imagawa, T., Focardi, S., and Giesy, J. P., 2002: Polychloronaphthalenes and other dioxin-like compounds in Arctic and Antarctic marine food webs. Environmental Science & Technology, 36, 3490-3496.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19950101
Ending_Date: 20051230
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
East_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
North_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
South_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOTOXICOLOGY > SPECIES BIOACCUMULATION
Theme_Keyword: FIXED OBSERVATION STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: GC-MS > GAS CHROMATOGRAPH/MASS SPECTROMETRY
Theme_Keyword: Adelie Penguin
Theme_Keyword: Eggs
Theme_Keyword: Southern Oceans
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NY/DH/WC > Wadsworth Center, Department of Health, New York
Contact_Person: KURUNTHACHALAN KANNAN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: P.O.Box 509
City: Albany
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 12201-0509
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 518-474-0015
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 518-473-2895
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kkannan@wadsworth.org
Resource_Description: ECA043
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.wadsworth.org/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20100625
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100630
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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