Global Drought Mortality Risks and Distribution

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Publication_Date: 2005
Title: Global Drought Mortality Risks and Distribution
Edition: 1.00
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster, map
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Palisades, NY
Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drought-mortality-risks-distribution
Description:
Abstract:
Global Drought Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid of global drought mortality risks. Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3) data provide a baseline estimation of population per grid cell from which to estimate potential mortality risks due to drought hazard. Mortality loss estimates per hazard event are calculated using regional, hazard-specific mortality records of the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) that span the 20 years between 1981 and 2000. Data regarding the frequency and distribution of drought hazard are obtained from the Global Drought Hazard Frequency and Distribution data set. In order to more accurately reflect the confidence associated with the data and procedures, the potential mortality estimate range is classified into deciles, 10 classes of increasing risk with an approximately equal number of grid cells per class, producing a relative estimate of drought-based mortality risks. This data set is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). To provide a means of assessing global drought mortality risks and distribution.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risks Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)/Columbia University 2005 Global Drought Hazard Frequency and Distribution Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drought-hazard-frequency-distribution
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Drought Proportional Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drought-proportional-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Drought Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drought-total-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20000101
Ending_Date: 20000101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 85.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -58.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > DROUGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: NDH > NATURAL DISASTER HOTSPOTS
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Area
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Preparedness
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Prevention
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Droughts
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Natural Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Environmental Modeling > Disaster Modeling
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Global Population Estimates
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Mortality
Theme_Keyword: Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Droughts
Theme_Keyword: Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Hotspots
Theme_Keyword: Mortality
Theme_Keyword: Mortality Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Mortality Risks
Theme_Keyword: Weather Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Esip
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: HEALTH
Theme_Keyword: SOCIETY
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, the Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, or The World Bank. Use of this data set is restricted to scientific research only. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new data sets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this data set. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The records of the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), collected over a 20 year period from 1981 to 2000, provide regional, hazard-specific mortality and economic loss rates. A crude estimation of the global drought hazard mortality is developed using the EM-DAT regional mortality rates, population distributions from Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3), and frequency/distribution data from Global Drought Hazard Frequency and Distribution. To better reflect the confidence associated with the result, mortality figures are classified into deciles, 10 classes of an approximately equal number of grid cells of increasing mortality (item Value). Building upon a methodology developed by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated for each grid cell. The process begins by determining the contribution of each subnational unit to national GDP using data of varied origins. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution ratio. To ensure uniformity between countries, these contribution ratios are utilized with published World Bank estimates of GDP. Once a standardized version of subnational GDP has been calculated, this value is further divided by the total population within the subnational unit. This subnational, per-person GDP value is multiplied by the grid cell population density to determine a GDP value for the grid cell. The GDP values presented in this dataset (item Gdpvalue) are not projections of impacted GDP, but rather the estimates of GDP that serve as a baseline for estimating hazard impacts. Furthermore, Gdpvalue is indicative of the GDP associated with each of the hazard risk deciles and not the individual grid cell. Estimating the agricultural GDP (item Agvalue) follows a process similar to GDP. The amount of agricultural GDP is derived at the subnational unit using available data of various origins.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: SEDAC > Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/HIE, PALISADES > World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment
Contact_Person: ROBERT CHEN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: WDC for Human Interactions in the Environment
Address: CIESIN/Columbia University
Address: P. O. Box 1000
Address: 61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1-845-365-8952
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1-845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bchen@ciesin.columbia.edu
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_DROUGHT_MRD
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_DROUGHT_HFD
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Name: DBF
Format_Name: PNG
Format_Name: PDF
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/wdc/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drou...
Access_Instructions:
Data download page.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://reverb.echo.nasa.gov/reverb/#utf8=%E2%9C%93...
Access_Instructions:
Refine your granule search with ECHO's next generation Earth Science discovery tool (Reverb) using information from this record.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-drou...
Access_Instructions:
Maps in PDF and PNG formats.
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050929
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130213
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8988
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@ciesin.columbia.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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