Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies-land and marine instrumental record

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: P.D. Jones, D.E. Parker, T.J. Osborn, K.R. Briffa
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies-land and marine instrumental record
Edition: Revised November 2001
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN
Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jones.html
Description:
Abstract:
[Summary adopted from the online documentation at: "http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jones.html"] These temperature time series are derived from an update and expansion of the corrected land and marine data used in the global and hemispheric temperature anomaly time series last presented in Trends (Jones et al. 1994). The land portion of this new database is comprised of surface air temperature (SAT) data (land-surface meteorological data and fixed-position weather ship data) that have been corrected for nonclimatic errors, such as station shifts and/or instrument changes (Jones 1994). (Previous analyses of SAT data include Jones et al. 1986a,b; and Jones 1988). The reanalysis of land surface data by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) (Jones 1994) resulted in (1) the inclusion of over 1000 additional stations, (2) a new reference period common to all stations (1961-1990; previously 1950-1979), and (3) increased grid-box resolution of the temperature anomalies (5 X 5 degree). The marine data used in the present analysis are compiled at the Hadley Centre of the United Kingdom Meteorological Office (UKMO) (Parker et al. 1995) and consist of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) that incorporate in situ measurements from ships and buoys. The SST data have been corrected for different types of buckets used before 1942 (Folland and Parker 1995; Parker et al. 1994, 1995). These SSTs also were converted to anomalies with respect to the 1961-1990 mean. The two constituent data sets (SAT and SST) were combined using the algorithm developed by Parker et al. (1994). The resulting data set has been used extensively in various Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports (e.g., Nicholls et al. 1996) and the global-mean temperature changes evident in the record have been interpreted in terms of anthropogenic forcing influences and natural variability (e.g., Wigley et al. 1997). The citation for this dataset is: Jones, P.D., D.E. Parker, T.J. Osborn, and K.R. Briffa. 2001. Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies--land and marine instrumental records. In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. The Jones, et al. global and hemispheric temperature data is available from: "http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/data.html"
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bottomley, M., C.K. Folland, J. Hsiung, R.E. Newell, and D.E. Parker. 1990. "Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas (GOSTA)", Joint Met. Office/MIT Project supported by U.S. Dept. of Energy, US National Science Foundation, and US Office of Naval Research. Publication funded by UK Depts. of Energy and Environment. 20+iv pp and 313 plates. HMSO, London.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Briffa, K.R. and P.D. Jones. 1993. "Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part2 implications for large-scale high-frequency paleoclimatic studies", The Holocene, Vol. 3, pp. 77-88.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Folland, C.K., and D.E. Parker. 1995. Correction of instrumental biases in historical sea surface temperature data. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 121:319-367.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D. 1988a. "Hemispheric surface air temperature variations: Recent trends and an update to 1987", J. of Climate, Vol. 1, pp. 654-660.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D. 1988b. "The influence of ENSO on global temperatures", Climate Monitor, Vol. 17(3), pp. 80-89.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D. and K.R. Briffa. 1992. "Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 1, spatial, temporal and seasonal details", The Holocene, Vol. 2, pp. 165-179.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., and T.M.L. Wigley. 1990. "Global warming trends", Scientific American, Vol. 263, pp. 84-91.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, B. Santer, B.S.G. Cherry, C. Goodess, P.M. Kelly, J.M.L. Wigley, R.S. Bradley, and H.F. Diaz. 1985. "A grid point surface air temperature data set for the Northern Hemisphere", TR022, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, R.S. Bradley, H.F. Diaz, P.M. Kelly, and T.M.L. Wigley. 1986a. "Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations: 1851-1984", J. of Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 25 (2), pp. 161-179.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, and T.M.L. Wigley. 1986b. "Southern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations: 1851-1984", J. Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 25(9), pp. 1213-1230.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and P.B. Wright. 1986c. "Global temperature variations between 1861 and 1984", Nature, Vol. 322, pp. 430-434.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, C.M. Goodess, B.S.G. Cherry, and T.M.L. Wigley. 1986d. "A grid point surface air temperature data set for the Southern Hemisphere", TR027, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, US Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and G. Farmer. 1991. "Marine and land temperature data sets: A comparison and a look at recent trends", pp. 153-172. In M.E. Schlesinger (ed.), Greenhouse-Gas Induced Climatic Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and K.R. Briffa. 1994. "Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies - land and marine instrumental records", pp. 603-608. In T.A. Boden, D.P. Kaiser, R.J. Sepanski, and F.W. Stoss (eds.), Trends '93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. ORNL/CDIAC-65. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Jones, P.D., T.J. Osborn, K.R. Briffa, C.K. Folland, E.B. Horton, L.V. Alexander, D.E. Parker, and N.A. Rayner, 2001. Adjusting for sampling density in grid box land and ocean surface temperature time series. Journal of Geophysical Research 106:3371-3380.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Parker, D. E., P. D. Jones, A. Bevan, and C. K. Folland. 1994. Interdecadal changes of surface temperature since the 19th century. Journal of Geophysical Research 99:14373-14399.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Parker, D. E., C. K. Folland, and M. Jackson. 1995. Marine surface temperature: observed variations and data requirements. Climatic Change 31:559-600.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wigley, T.M.L., P.D. Jones, and S.C.B. Raper. 1997. The observed global warming record: What does it tell us? Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 94:8314-8320.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wallace et al. 2000. Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Woodruff, S.D., R.J. Slutz, R.J. Jenne, and P.M. Steurer. 1987. "A comprehensive ocean-atmosphere data set", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 80, pp. 1239-1247.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18560101
Ending_Date: 20001231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LAND TEMPERATURE > LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: Coads
Theme_Keyword: El Nino
Theme_Keyword: Enso
Theme_Keyword: Ftp
Theme_Keyword: Global Warming
Theme_Keyword: Greenhouse Effect
Theme_Keyword: Northern Hemisphere
Theme_Keyword: Sea Surface Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Southern Hemisphere
Theme_Keyword: Southern Oscillation
Theme_Keyword: Sst
Theme_Keyword: Surface Air Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Temperature Anomalies
Theme_Keyword: Trends
Theme_Keyword: Ukmo
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL LAND
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL OCEAN
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KEITH R. BRIFFA
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PHIL D. JONES
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TIM J. OSBORN
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: D. E. PARKER
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TOM M. L. WIGLEY
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Climatic Research Unit
Address: School of Environmental Sciences
Address: University of East Anglia
Address: Norwich NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Climatic Research Unit
Address: University of East Anglia
Address: Norwich
Address: NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Climatic Research Unit
Address: School of Environmental Sciences
Address: University of East Anglia
Address: Norwich NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
Address: Meteorological Office
City: Bracknell
State_or_Province: Berkshire
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NCAR/CGD
Address: P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80307-3000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (303) 497-2690
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 497-2699
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: K.Briffa@uea.ac.uk
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: p.jones@uea.ac.uk
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wigley@ucar.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOE/ORNL/ESD/CDIAC > Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy
Contact_Person: CARBON DIOXIDE INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Address: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Address: P.O.. Box 2008
City: OAK RIDGE
State_or_Province: TENNESSEE
Postal_Code: 37831-6335
Country: USA
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (865) 574-2232
Resource_Description: CDIAC_JONES_TEMPS_TRENDS
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/dat...
Access_Instructions:
Global and hemispheric temperature anomaly data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jon...
Access_Instructions:
Description of temperature anomaly data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20020415
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GENE R. MAJOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gsfc-gcmduso@mail.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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