Historical CO2 record from the Vostok ice core

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, C. Lorius, and N.I. Barkov
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Historical CO2 record from the Vostok ice core
Edition: 2003
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oak Ridge, TN
Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center/ORNL/DOE
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/vostok.html
Description:
Abstract:
Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) have been derived from ice cores in Antarctica. In January 1998, the collaborative ice-drilling project between Russia, the United States, and France at the Russian Vostok station in East Antarctica yielded the deepest ice core ever recovered, reaching a depth of 3,623 m (Petit et al. 1997, 1999). Preliminary data indicate the Vostok ice-core record extends through four climate cycles, with ice slightly older than 400,000 years (400 kyr) (Petit et al. 1997, 1999). The dates were determined through an analysis of air bubbles trapped in the ice core. The data has been extended back to 417.160 years before present. The ice core data is available online from CDIAC at: "http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/vostok.html"
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, A. Neftel, and H. Oeschger. 1983. Comparison of CO2 measurements by two laboratories on air from bubbles in polar ice. Nature 303:410-13. Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, Y.S. Korotkevich, and C. Lorius. 1987. 'Vostok ice core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2', Nature, Vol. 329, pp. 408-414. Barnola, J.M., P. Pimienta, D. Raynaud, and Y.S. Korotkevich. 1991. 'CO2-climate relationship as deduced from the Vostok ice core: A re-examination based on new measurements and on a re-evaluation of the air dating', Tellus, Vol. 43(B), pp. 83-90. Delmas, R.J., J.-M. Ascencio, and M. Legrand. 1980. Polar ice evidence that atmospheric CO2 20,000 yr BP was 50% of present. Nature 284:155-57. Jouzel, J., J.R. Petit, C.Genthon, N.I. Barkov, V.M. Kotlyakov, and V.M. Petrov. 1987. ' Vostok ice core: A continuous isotopic temperature record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years)', Nature, Vol. 329, pp. 403-408. Jouzel,J., J.R. Petit, and D. Raynaud. 1990. 'Paleoclimatic information from ice cores-The Vostok records', Trans. Royal Soc. Edinburgh-Earth Sci, Vol. 81, pp. 349-355. Lorius, C., J. Jouzel, C. Ritz, L. Merlivat, N.I. Barkov, Y.S. Korotkevich, and V.M. Kotlyakov. 1985. A 150,000-year climatic record from Antarctic ice. Nature 316:591-96. Neftel, A., H. Oeschger, J. Schwander, B. Stauffer, and R. Zumbrunn. 1982. Ice core measurements give atmospheric CO2 content during the past 40,000 yr. Nature 295:220-23. Neftel, A., E. Moor, H. Oeschger, and B. Stauffer. 1985. Evidence from polar ice cores for the increase in atmospheric CO2 in the past two centuries. Nature 315:45-47. Pepin, L., D. Raynaud, J.-M. Barnola, and M. F. Loutre. 2001. Hemispheric roles of climate forcings during glacial-interglacial transitions as deduced from the Vostok record and LLN-2D model experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research 106 (D23): 31,885-31,892. Petit, J.R., I. Basile, A. Leruyuet, D. Raynaud, C. Lorius, J. Jouzel, M. Stievenard, V.Y. Lipenkov, N.I. Barkov, B.B. Kudryashov, M. Davis, E. Saltzman, and V. Kotlyakov. 1997. Four climate cycles in Vostok ice core. Nature 387: 359-360. Petit, J.R., J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N.I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Benders, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delayque, M. Delmotte, V.M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V.Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. P pin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard. 1999. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature 399: 429-436. Raynaud, D., and J.M. Barnola. 1985. ' An Antarctic ice core reveals atmospheric CO2 variations over the past few centuries', Nature, Vol. 315, pp. 45-47. Schwander, J., and B. Stauffer. 1984. 'Age difference between polar ice and the air trapped in its bubbles', Nature, Vol. 311, pp. 45-47. Staffelbach, T., B. Stauffer, A. Sigg, and H. Oeschger. 1991. "CO2 measurements from polar ice cores: more data from different sites", Tellus 43(B), pp. 91-96.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 107.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 107.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES > GREENHOUSE GASES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: Co2
Theme_Keyword: Ftp
Theme_Keyword: Global Warming
Theme_Keyword: Greenhouse Effect
Theme_Keyword: Greenhouse Gas
Theme_Keyword: Ice Core
Theme_Keyword: Paleoclimate
Theme_Keyword: Vostok
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JEAN-MARC BARNOLA
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Y. S. KOROTKEVICH
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CLAUDE LORIUS
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DOMINIQUE RAYNAUD
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Laboratoire de Glaciologie et de
Address: Geophysique de l''Environnement
City: Saint Martin d''Heres Cedex
Postal_Code: 38402
Country: FRANCE
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Address: Beringa Street 38
City: St. Petersburg
Postal_Code: 199226
Country: Russia
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Laboratoire de Glaciologie et de
Address: Geophysique de l'Environnement
Address: CNRS-CEA 91198
Address: Gif-su-Yvette Cedex
Country: France
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Laboratoire de Glaciologie et
Address: Geophysique de l''Environnement
Address: 54 Rue Molieres
City: St. Martin d'Heres Cedex
Postal_Code: 38402
Country: FRANCE
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 76-42-58-72
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/graphics/vostok.co2.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Vostok Ice Core CO2 Record
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOE/ORNL/ESD/CDIAC > Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy
Contact_Person: CARBON DIOXIDE INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Address: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Address: P.O.. Box 2008
City: OAK RIDGE
State_or_Province: TENNESSEE
Postal_Code: 37831-6335
Country: USA
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (865) 574-2232
Resource_Description: CDIAC_CO2_VOSTOK_ICECORE
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/ftp/trends/co2/vostok.ic...
Access_Instructions:
Vostok Ice Core Data from CDIAC
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120829
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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