Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles is a 2.5 minute grid of global multihazard total economic loss risks. First, for each of the considered hazards (cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes), subnational distributions of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are computed using a methodology developed from Sachs et al. (2003). Where applicable, the contributions of ... subnational units to national GDP estimates, the contribution ratio, are determined using data of varied origin. World Bank Development Indicators are substituted for GDP estimates of varied origin and the subnational GDP is estimated using the fore mentioned contribution ratios. A subnational, per capita GDP is derived and a final GDP estimate per grid cell is made based on grid cell population density. A raw, total economic loss is computed per grid cell using a regional economic loss rate derived from EM-DAT records. To more accurately reflect the confidence surrounding the economic loss estimate, the range of losses are classified into deciles, 10 classes of an approximately equal number of grid cells. A multihazard index is generated by summing the top three deciles of the individual hazards. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).
The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).
To identify areas of the world that are at greater risk of multihazard total economic loss.
Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles
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Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risks Deciles is a combination of six surfaces. These surfaces include each of the total economic loss risks deciles of the six hazards considered in the study (cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes) of which only the top three deciles, the most hazardous, were retained (deciles 8-10). In the combined surface, each of the six ... hazard decile values function together as a unique means of identifying and grouping grid cells. The item Value serves as a numeric identifier of these various unique, decile-based combinations. Theoretically, any results of aggregate analyses are applicable only to the inter-hazards decile combination and not to the individual grid cell. The population per grid cell (item Pop) is based on Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). The area per grid cell (item Areakm), in square kilometers, is calculated by subtracting from the area of the grid cell those areas identified as being permanently inundated using VMAP (0). The deciles of population density are determined by dividing the population per grid cell by the area per grid cell and classifying the resultant range of values into 10 classes of an approximately equal number of grid cells. VMAP (0) is also utilized to determine the length, in kilometers, of any major roads or railroads.
A multihazard index (item Indexmhz) is generated by summing all the decile values of the individual hazards. The multihazard index itself is not classified into deciles and has a theoretical range of 8-60.
Building upon a methodology presented by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US $2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated for each grid cell. The process begins by determining the contribution of each subnational unit to national GDP using data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution rate.
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and ... Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.