Under a joint project between Chile and Spain, submarine and surface surveys were conducted, in the Cape Shirreff area, to search for the Spanish vessel San Telmo. The San Telmo was lost in September 1819 and its remains were reported by English sealers in the Shirreff area around 1820-1. Nothing has been found.
The production of the multihazard surface began by isolating those deciles most at-risk (deciles 8-10) of the individual hazard surfaces (Global Cyclone Proportional Economic Loss Risks, Global Drought Proportional Economic Loss Risks, etc.). These surfaces are reclassified into binary representing those areas considered most at-risk. Hazard categories are created by grouping specific hazards ... together. The categories are as follows:
Drought - droughts Seismic - earthquakes and volcanoes Hydro - cyclones, floods, and landslides
A binary highest-risk surface at the category-level was produced by summing the individual hazards and reclassifying as true all sums greater than zero.
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and ... Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.
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Xia, Y., K. Mitchell, M. Ek, J. Sheffield, B. Cosgrove, E. Wood, L. Luo, C. Alonge, H. Wei, J. Meng, B. Livneh, D. Lettenmaier, V. Koren, Q. Duan, K. Mo, Y. Fan, and D. Mocko, (2012), Continental-scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for the North American Land Data Assimilation System project phase 2 (NLDAS-2): 1. Intercomparison and application of model products, J. Geophys. Res., ... 117, D03109, doi:10.1029/2011JD016048.
Betts, A., F. Chen, K. Mitchell, and Z. Janjic (1997), Assessment of the land surface and boundary layer models in two operational versions of the NCEP Eta model using FIFE data, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2896-2916, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2896:AOTLSA>2.0.CO;2.
Chen, F., Z. Janjic, and K. Mitchell (1997), Impact of atmospheric surface-layer parameterizations in the new land-surface scheme of the NCEP mesoscale Eta model, Boundary Layer Meteorol., 85, 391-421, doi:10.1023/A:1000531001463.
Ek, M. B., K. E. Mitchell, Y. Lin, E. Rodgers, P. Grunman, V. Koren, G. Gayno, and J. D. Tarpley (2003), Implementation of Noah land surface model advances in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational mesoscale Eta model, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D22), 8851, doi:10.1029/2002JD003296.
Koren, V., J. Schaake, K. E. Mitchell, Q. Duan, F. Chen, and J. Baker (1999), A paramerization of snowpack and frozen ground intended for NCEP weather and climate models, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 19569-19585, doi:10.1029/1999JD900232.
Livneh, B., Y. Xia, M. B. Ek, K. E. Mitchell, and D. Lettenmaier (2010), Noah LSM snow model diagnostics and enhancements, J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 721-738, doi:10.1175/2009JHM1174.1.
Wei, H., Y. Xia, K. E. Mitchell, and M. B. Ek (2011), Improvement of Noah land surface model for warm season processes: Evaluation of water and energy flux simulation, Hydrol. Processes, doi:10.1002/hyp.9214.