Data from five research cruises from OPP grant entitled "Interactive Effects of UV and Vertical Mixing on Phytoplankton and Bacterial Productivity of Ross Sea Phaeocystis Bloom (OPP0127022). The first two cruises were ships of opportunity cruises in the Pacific Ocean, the first collecting data between Valapariso, Chile and San Diego, CA (October 2002). The second and third cruises combined to ... provide data in a transect from 70 N to 68 S latitude in the Pacific ocean (August - November 2003). The remaining two cruises were to the Ross Sea, the first in December 2004 - January 2005 and the last from October - November 2005. Data presented include microbial biomass (bacterial direct counts) and chlorophyll a concentrations, bacterial production (as leucine or thymidine incorporation), solar irradiance data, CTD profiles, and one set of under water diffuse attenuation coefficients of for the Ross Sea.