Neogene glacial geology of the Prince Charles MountainsEntry ID: ASAC_2086
Abstract: From the abstracts fo some of the referenced papers:
In the Amery Oasis of the northern Prince Charles Mountains, the glaciomarine Bardin Bluffs Formation of the Pagodroma Group was deposited between the Late Pliocene (less than 3.1 Ma) and Early Pleistocene (>1 Ma). The formation provides evidence of (i) a reduced East Antarctic ice sheet compared to that of the present day and (ii) a ... subsequent Plio-Pleistocene ice sheet expansion. The formation consists of two member. The older, basal Member 1 is about 12.5 m thick and consists of relatively ice-distal silty, sandy and sparsely fossiliferous fjordal strata. Member 1 reflects largely ice-free marine sedimentation about 250 km inland from the current Amery Ice Shelf edge. The member is restricted to the area about the north-eastern end of Pagodroma Gorge where it infills a chemically weathered erosion surface, cut in the form of a valley on the Permo-Triassic Amery Group. Weathering occurred during aerial exposure of the Amery Oasis in a warmer climate than that of today. The younger Member 2 exceeds 40 m in thickness and is made up of coarse ice proximal glaciomarine diamicts. It overlies disconformably Member 1 at Pagodroma Gorge. Elsewhere, Member 2 rests directly upon a smoothed and striated erosion surface, cut on the Amery Group, which was part of a fjord floor. This erosional surface and the facies contrast between the two members, indicates an East Antarctic Ice Sheet expansion and Lambert Glacier grounding-line advance.
The Menzies Range in the southern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica, records at least four intervals of Cenozoic terrestrial glacigene sedimentation, and two periods of glacial erosion. The oldest Cenozoic strata, here named the Pardoe Formation, are greater than 240 m thick, and consist of variable diamicts with subordinate sandstones and minor laminated lacustrine siltstones. The Pardoe Formation overlies a rugged erosion surface cut into Precambrian basement. Two subsequent Cenozoic sequences are here named informally the Trail diamicts and the younger Amphitheatre diamicts. The latter infilled the lower regions of an extremely rugged erosion surface, many components of which still dominate the present topography. The palaeodrainage of this erosion surface is markedly discordant with that of the older erosion surface underlying the Pardoe Formation. These three depositional events and the two associated erosion surfaces record warmer climates and increased snow accumulation under conditions of temperate wet-based glaciation. During the excavation of the sub-Amphitheatre diamict erosion surface, the East Antarctic ice sheet was either absent, further inland or the height of its surface relative to the Menzies Range as considerably lower than at present. The fourth and youngest depositional episode, recorded by a veneer of boulder gravel distributed along the northern flank of the Menzies Range, is from dry-based glacier ice, and assumed to be less than 2.6 Myr.
This work was also completed for ASAC project 1065 (ASAC_1065).
Some explanatory notes for the excel files are:
BARDIN = Bardin Bluffs
GLOSS. = Glossopteris Gully
BAIN= Bainmedart Cove
PCM = Prince Charles Mountains
AM = Amery (as in Amery Oasis)
Sample numbers are from different positions within exposed sequences (illustrated in figures in the paper). Top and Bottom represent the &top& and &bottom& position in some sequences. These are also illustrated in the figures.
Positions are illustrated in the manuscript Whitehead, et al (2004).
Dm = diamict sample, Mud = Mud.
Raw slides = standard strewn microscope slides
Concentrated slides = heavy liquid separation to concentrate the fossils
The fields in this dataset are:
Start Date: 1997-10-01Stop Date: 1998-03-31
Quality The dates provided in temporal coverage are approximate only.
Access Constraints A PDF copy of the referenced papers are available for download from the url given below.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
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Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 5531 KB
Distribution Format: PDF, excel
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6266 2980
Fax: +61 3 6226 2973
Email: Andrew.McMinn at utas.edu.au
Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies University of Tasmania Private Bag 77
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7001
Whitehead, J.M. and McKelvey, B.C. (2001), The stratigraphy of the Pliocene - Early Pleistocene Bardin Bluffs Formation, Amery Oasis, Northern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica., Antarctic Science, 13, 1, 79-86
Whitehead J.M. and McKelvey B.C. (2002), Cenozoic glacigene sedimentation and erosion at the Menzies Range, southern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica., Journal of Glaciology, 48, 161, 226-236
Whitehead, J.M., McKelvey, B., and McMinn, A. (2000), 1997/1998 Cenozoic geological fieldwork in the Southern Prince Charles Mountains of East Antarctica., Terra Antartica, 7, 655-656
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-01-10