GLOBAL FIRE EMISSIONS DATABASE, VERSION 2.1
Entry ID: vg_gfe21

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Summary
Abstract: This data set consists of 1 degree x 1 degree gridded monthly burned area, fuel loads, combustion completeness, and fire emissions of carbon (C), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), molecular hydrogen (H2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitrous oxide (N2O), particulate matter (PM2.5), total particulate matter (TPM), total carbon (TC), organic carbon (OC), and black carbon (BC) for the time period January 1997 - December 2005. Emission estimates for the 2001-2005 period are also available with an 8-day time step. The data set was compiled using satellite data and the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) biogeochemical model. Burned area from 2001-2004 was derived from active fire and 500-m burned area data from MODIS (Giglio et al., 2006). ATSR (Along Track Scanning Radiometer) and VIRS (Visible and Infrared Scanner) satellite data were used to extend the burned area time series back to 1997 (Arino et al., 1999; Giglio et al., 2003; Van der Werf et al., 2004). Fuel loads and net flux from terrestrial ecosystems were estimated as the balance between net primary production, heterotrophic respiration, and biomass burning, using time varying inputs of precipitation, temperature, solar radiation, and satellite-derived fractional absorbed photosynthetically active radiation. Tropical and boreal peatland emissions were also considered, using a global wetland cover map (Matthews and Fung, 1987) to modify surface and belowground fuel availability. The data set also includes monthly estimates of the C4 fraction of carbon emissions that can be used to construct the 13C isotope ratio (Randerson et al., 2005). The data files are in space delimited ASCII format. For each subject (e.g., burned area, fuel loads, combustion completeness, or individual fire emission species), all monthly files for the 9-year period are combined in one zipped file. Similarly, the emission estimates with an 8-day time step for the 2001-2005 period are combined in one zipped file by subject.

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Description: GLOBAL FIRE EMISSIONS DATABASE, VERSION 2.1


Geographic Coverage
 N: 89.5 S: -89.5  E: 179.5  W: -179.5

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: COLLATZ, G.J.GIGLIO, L.KASIBHATLA, P.S.RANDERSON, J.T.VAN DER WERF, G.R.
Dataset Title: GLOBAL FIRE EMISSIONS DATABASE, VERSION 2.1
Dataset Release Date: 2007
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Dataset Publisher: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center
Data Presentation Form: Online Files
Dataset DOI: doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/849
Online Resource: http://mercury.ornl.gov/ornldaac/send/query?term2=849&term2attribut...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1997-01-01
Stop Date: 2005-12-31


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >BIOMASS BURNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AIR QUALITY >EMISSIONS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >FIRE ECOLOGY >FIRE OCCURRENCE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >WILDFIRES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >GRASSLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >HERBIVORY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND COVER    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >METHANE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >NITROGEN DIOXIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >NITROGEN COMPOUNDS >NITROGEN OXIDES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS >NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS/VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >PARTICULATE MATTER    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS >PEATLANDS
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >PRIMARY PRODUCTION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SAVANNAS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION COVER    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ENVIRONMENT


Platform
TRMM >Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission    [Information]
TERRA >Earth Observing System, TERRA (AM-1)    [Information]
ERS-2 >European Remote Sensing Satellite-2    [Information]


Instrument
VIRS >TRMM Visible Infrared Scanner    [Information]
MODIS >Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer    [Information]
ATSR >Along Track Scanning Radiometer and Microwave Sounder    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
VC >Vegetation Collections    [Information]


Keywords
H2
CO
ERS
NPP
CO2
NOX
CH4
N2O
ATSR
CASA
VIRS
NMHC
FIRE
TRMM
PEAT
13CO2
FAPAR
PM2.5
MODIS
ASCII
GLOBAL
EOSDIS
CARBON
FORESTS
GRIDDED
SAVANNAS
AEROSOLS
WETLANDS
EMISSIONS
PEATLANDS
DEUTERIUM
FUEL LOADS
DRY MATTER
C3 GRASSES
BURNED AREA
ACTIVE FIRES
C3 VEGETATION
C4 VEGETATION
PRECIPITATION
ORGANIC CARBON
CARBON DIOXIDE
SATELLITE DATA
FIRE EMISSIONS
AIR TEMPERATURE
C4 CANOPY COVER
CARBON MONOXIDE
BIOGENIC CARBON
SOLAR RADIATION
NITROGEN OXIDES
BIOMASS BURNING
CARBON EMISSIONS
NITROGEN DIOXIDE
TROPICAL FORESTS
EMISSION FACTORS
PARTICULATE MATTER
TRACE GAS EMISSIONS
DRY MATTER EMISSIONS
CARBON ISOTOPE RATIO
HERBACEOUS VEGETATION
BIOGEOCHEMICAL MODELS
EXTRATROPICAL FORESTS
TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION
COMBUSTION COMPLETENESS
PHOTOSYNTHETIC PATHWAYS
NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
BOREAL PEATLAND EMISSIONS
HETEROTROPHIC RESPIRATION
TROPICAL PEATLAND EMISSIONS
VISIBLE AND INFRARED SCANNER
ALONG TRACK SCANNING RADIOMETER
EUROPEAN REMOTE SENSING SATELLITES
TROPICAL RAINFALL MEASURING MISSION
CARNEGIE-AMES-STANFORD APPROACH BIOGEOCHEMICAL MODEL
FRACTIONAL ABSORBED PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
THE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (ORNL) DISTRIBUTED ACTIVE ARCHIVE CENTER (DAAC)    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://daac.ornl.gov/
Dataset ID: 849

Data Center Personnel
Name: ORNL DAAC USER SERVICES OFFICE
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
Contact Address:
ORNL DAAC User Services Office
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Country: USA


Personnel
G. JAMES COLLATZ
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: george.j.collatz at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
Code 614.4
NASA GSFC
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


ORNL DAAC USER SERVICES OFFICE
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
Contact Address:
ORNL DAAC User Services Office
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-06-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-11-21

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