Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett
Entry ID: K123_2003_2005_NZ_1

[ Update this Record ]

Summary
Abstract: The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, both hydrocarbon contaminated and hydrocarbon free at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett to describe, sample and characterise each of the identified soil-landscape map units. 13 soil profiles were described and 7 were sampled for soil chemical, physical and microbial analyses. In situ soil respiration rates were measured. Analysis of chemical and physical properties included soil pH, electrical conductivity, soluble salts, carbon, nitrogen, total petroleum hydrocarbons, particle-size distribution, soil moisture retention, hydrocarbon degradation potentials and bacterial diversity.

Groundwater Investigations: 9 piezometers were placed in the soil in the area between the fuel tank and Willet Cove in order to allow the sampling of the groundwater, to test the extent of fuel migration and to determine the groundwater regime of the site. The piezometers were left with the pipes visible up to 20 cm above the soil surface and capped with a wooden top. Groundwater samples were collected for hydrocarbon analysis, hydrocarbon mineralization potentials and chemical analysis. Measurements of the rate and direction of groundwater flow and subsurface soil permeability on Seabee Hook was measured by installing dipwells. The duration and extent of groundwater occurrence and movement was monitored with a bromide tracer. A groundwater model of the area was prepared.

Geographic Coverage
 N: -72.3167 S: -72.3167  E: 170.2167  W: 170.2167

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2003-12-12
Stop Date: 2004-01-21

Start Date: 2004-12-03
Stop Date: 2005-01-21


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE HALLETT
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SEABEE HOOK
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >GROUND WATER DISCHARGE/FLOW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >DRAINAGE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >GROUNDWATER CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >CARBON    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >NITROGEN    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL HORIZONS/PROFILE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL PH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICROFLORA    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
PIEZOMETERS    [Information]
SOIL SAMPLER    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Access Constraints
The data was collected for the purpose of a Master's of Science degree study. The data is contained within the thesis and in the publications. Please contact the investigator(s) or refer to the publications.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
ERICA HOFSTEE
Role: INVESTIGATOR


JACKIE AISLABIE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 858 3713
Fax: +64 7 858 4964
Email: aislabiej at landcareresearch.co.nz
Contact Address:
Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd
Private Bag 3127
City: Hamilton
Country: New Zealand


MEGAN BALKS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4466 Ext 6322
Fax: +64 7 838 4218
Email: m.balks at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences
School of Science and Engineering
University of Waikato
Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal Code: 2001
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Aislabie, J., Jordan, S., Ayton, J., Klassen, J.L., Baker, G.M. and Turber, S. 2009. Bacterial diversity associated with ornithogenic soil of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Can. J. Microbiol 55: 21-36

Aislabie, J., Ryburn, J. and Sarmah, A. 2009. Culturable microbes in shallow groundwater underlying ornithogenic soil of Cape Hallett, Antarctica. Can. J. Microbiol 55: 12-20.

Aislabie, J.M. Jordan, S. Barker, G.M. 2008 Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 9-20 doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006

Barrett, J.E. Virginia, R.A. Wall, D.H. Cary, S.C. Adams, B.J. Hacker, A.L. Aislabie, J.M. 2006 Co-variation in soil biodiversity and biogeochemistry in northern and southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic science 18(4): 535-548 doi: 10.1017/S0954102006000587

Hofstee, E.H. 2006 Soils and hydrology of Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett, Antarctica. M.Sc., University of Waikato, 2006.

Hofstee, E.H. Balks, M.R. Petchey, F. Campbell, D.I. 2006 Soils of Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic science 18(4): 473-486 doi: 10.1017/S0954102006000526

Hofstee, E.H. Campbell, D.I. Balks, M.R. Aislabie, J. 2006 Groundwater characteristics at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett, Antarctica. Antarctic science 18(4): 487-495 doi: 10.1017/S0954102006000538

Aislabie, J. Ryburn, A. Sarmah, A. 2008 Hexadecane mineralization activity in ornithogenic soil from Seabee Hook, Antarctica. Polar biology 31(4): 421-428

Ayton, J. 2009. Microbial diversity in soils from the Ross Sea region of Antarctica. PhD Thesis University of Auckland 258 p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-01-15
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-02-23

[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site