Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region
Entry ID: K029_2005_2006_NZ

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Summary
Abstract: Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear to have limited the introduction of pathogens. There is a lack of knowledge about the route new micro-organisms may take if introduced to naive Antarctic host populations. We used genetic distances between populations of benign gastrointestinal bacteria to model the pattern of transmission of bacteria around the Ross Sea Region, to provide insight into the evolution of gut micro-organisms in the Ross Sea megafauna. Cloacal samples were collected from Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae), Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) and South Polar Skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) and rectal samples were collected from Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) at several sites in the Ross Sea Region. Feather samples were also collected from birds that were swabbed and water and soil samples were collected from the breeding grounds. Bacteria from these samples will be identified from sequences (PCR) for 16S. The information was used to establish an inventory of gastro intestinal bacteria that occur and to investigate micro-organism transfer between the environment, humans and other species. We also measured the extent of genetic intraspecific variation in the bacteria collected from different hosts to determine the extent of connections between bacteria parasitizing host species and host populations. Sites visited for samples include Cape Hallett, Cape Adare, Cape Wheatstone, Cotter Cliffs, Cape Royds, Cape Bird, Cape Crozier, Hutton Cliffs, Turtle Rock, Strand Moraines, Marble Point, the Sea ice of McMurdo Sound, Little Razorback Island, Turks Head, White Island and Tent Island.

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Description: GENBANK: The publication lists all of the Accession Numbers from this project. Please use in conjunction.


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Geographic Coverage
 N: -71.30797 S: -78.000206  E: 170.31097  W: 163.80276
 Min Altitude: 0 M  Max Altitude: 10 M

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2005-11-26
Stop Date: 2005-12-11

Start Date: 2006-11-17
Stop Date: 2006-11-23


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS SEA REGION
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >BIRDS >PENGUINS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Access Constraints
All remaining raw samples and genetic data are held by the investigator at the University of Waikato. GENBANK Accession numbers are in the publication.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
JONATHAN BANKS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4139
Fax: +64 7 838 4324
Email: j.banks at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
THE UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO
PRIVATE BAG 3105
City: HAMILTON
Country: NEW ZEALAND


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Banks, J.C., Cary, S.C. and Hogg, I.D. 2009. The phylogeography of Adelie penguin faecal flora. Environmental Microbiology 11 (3): 577-588.

Ninnes, C.E., Waas, J.R., Ling, N., Nakagawa, S., Banks, J.C., Bell, D.G.,
Bright, A., Carey, P.W., Chandler, J., Hudson, Q.J., Ingram, J.R., Lyall, K., Morgan, D.K.J., Stevens, M.I., Wallace, J., Möstl, E. Comparing plasma and faecal measures of steroid hormones in Adelie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae.
Journal of comparative physiology B 2009. doi: 10.1007/s00360-009-0390-0

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-03-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-09-21

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