LBA-ECO ND-11 LITTER DECOMPOSITION, CARBON, AND NITROGEN DYNAMICS IN AGROFORESTRYEntry ID: LBA_ND11_NTLL
Abstract: It has been proposed that the C/N ratio, or quality, of litter or mulch mixtures affects N release. Although total N release from these mixtures and the effects on soil N are relatively well understood, a mechanistic understanding of the interactions between litter species with respect to their N release is still lacking. This study examines decomposition and N dynamics in mixtures of high-quality ... leguminous mulch, gliricidia [Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth. ex Walp.] with a C/N ratio of 13, and low-quality cupuacu [Theobroma grandiflorum (Wild. ex Spring) Schumann] litter with a C/N ratio of 42, which occur in combination in agroforestry systems. Ratios of 100:0, 80:20, 50:50, 20:80, 0:100 of fresh 15N-enriched gliricidia leaves and senescent cupuacu leaves, totaling the same dry weight of 6.64 t ha-1, were applied to an Oxisol and sampled at 6, 14, 38, and 96 days after application. After more than 40% of the N in the gliricidia leaves had been released and the microbial biomass N reached its peak, a significant increase in available soil N occurred at day 14, which was more pronounced with greater amounts of gliricidia in the leaf mixture. However, relative to the N applied in the leaf mixture, there was no significant difference in available soil N with greater proportions of gliricidia. Total N release from the mixtures corresponded to the total N applied by gliricidia. Until day 38, cupuaÃÆÃÂ§u C mineralization was significantly faster in the presence of the highest proportion of gliricidia compared to lower proportions. This faster C mineralization of more than 0.5% per day, however, did not increase total C loss or N release from cupuaÃÆÃÂ§u leaves after 96 days. The use of 15N tracers identified an N transfer from gliricidia leaves and the soil to cupuaÃÆÃÂ§u leaves and consequently, a lower N release from gliricidia to the soil in the presence of cupuaÃÆÃÂ§u leaves. Though we expected that available N in the soil would also decrease with greater amounts of cupuaÃÆÃÂ§u litter in the mixture, our results indicated an additive effect of the two species on N release and soil mineral N, with gross interactions between them canceling net interactive effects. Therefore, N release of leaf mixtures behaved as predicted from a calculated sum of individual release patterns, in spite of a transfer of N from the high- to the low-quality leaves.
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Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: DE CAMARGO, P.B.FERNANDES, E.C.M.J.LEHMANN,LUIZAO, R.C.C.SCHWENDENER, C.M.
Dataset Title: LBA-ECO ND-11 LITTER DECOMPOSITION, CARBON, AND NITROGEN DYNAMICS IN AGROFORESTRY
Dataset Release Date: 2009
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Dataset Publisher: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center
Data Presentation Form: Online Files
Dataset DOI: doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/915Online Resource: http://mercury.ornl.gov/ornldaac/send/query?term2=915&term2attribut...
Start Date: 2002-07-11Stop Date: 2002-10-15
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-03-31
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-14