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1. Vegetation History and Environmental Change on Macquarie Island [ASAC_777]
Metadata record for data expected from ASAC Project 777, Vegetation History and Environmental Change on Macquarie Island Studied by Analysing Present Vegetation and the Underlying Peat on Slopes Subject ...


2. SMEX02 Iowa Regional Ground Soil Moisture Data [NSIDC-0182]
The parameters for this data set include gravimetric and volumetric soil moisture, bulk density, and soil temperature. This data set is part of the Soil Moisture Experiment 2002 (SMEX02). The SMEX ...


3. SMEX02 Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) Station 2031, Ames, Iowa [NSIDC-0142]
This work is part of the Soil Moisture Experiment (SMEX) project. This data set provides data from various sensors on the Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) station number 2031, located near Ames, ...


4. SMEX02 Watershed Soil Moisture Data, Walnut Creek, Iowa [NSIDC-0143]
This data set combines data for several parameters measured for the Soil Moisture Experiment 2002 (SMEX02). The parameters include bulk density, gravimetric and volumetric soil moisture, and surface ...


5. SMEX02 CODIAC Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) Data, Iowa [NSIDC-0238]
CODIAC is the data management system used by the Joint Office for Science Support (JOSS) of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). This data set contains hourly surface ...


6. SMEX03 Regional Ground Soil Moisture Data: Alabama [NSIDC-0287]
This data set comprises gravimetric soil moisture and soil bulk density data collected during the Soil Moisture Experiment 2003 (SMEX03), which was conducted during June and July of 2003 in northern ...


7. SMEX03 Regional Ground Soil Moisture Data: Georgia [NSIDC-0288]
The parameters for this data set include gravimetric soil moisture, volumetric soil moisture, bulk density, and surface and soil temperature for the Georgia study region. This data set is part of ...


8. SMEX03 Regional Ground Soil Moisture Data: Oklahoma [NSIDC-0289]
The parameters for this data set include gravimetric soil moisture, volumetric soil moisture, bulk density, and surface and soil temperature for the Oklahoma study region. Summary files containing ...


9. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2013_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


10. GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF ROOT PROFILES IN TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS [root_profiles]
Rooting depths were estimated from a global database of root profiles that was assembled from the primary literature to study relationships of abiotic and biotic factors associated with belowground ...


11. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


12. Life at the Extreme: Resolving the Genetic Basis of Microbial Endemism in the Super-Heated Soils of Mt Erebus, Antarctica [K023_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


13. Monitoring and Manipulation of Tundra Response to Climate Change, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska [ARCSS091]
The investigator has undertaken long-term field experiments and monitoring at the Arctic Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) station, Toolik Lake, Alaska, exploring the effects of climate change ...


14. Canadian Transect of Soils and Vegetation for the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map [ARCSS081]
This report summarizes environmental, vegetation, and soil data collected from 116 releves along a 2000-km transect from Amund Ringnes, Axel Heiberg, and Ellesmere Islands in the northern Canadian ...


15. Controls on Carbon Flux in Moist Acidic Versus Nonacidic Tundra, Arctic LTER Data [ARCSS090]
In an effort to understand soil effects on carbon flux from moist acidic tundra versus moist non-acidic tundra, the investigators collected soil respiration, soil temperature, soil moisture, thaw ...


16. Soil Descriptions and Soil Chemistry for LAII/ATLAS Winter Carbon Flux Sites, Alaska, 1992 and 1998-2000 [ARCSS074]
Soil profiles at 27 sites in northern Alaska were described and classified in order to provide baseline soils data for ARCSS/LAII/ATLAS (Arctic Transitions in the Land-Atmosphere System) Winter Carbon ...


17. Happy Valley Permanent Vegetation Plots [ARCSS083]
This data set includes environmental, soil, and vegetation information collected from 55 relevé plots at the Happy Valley research site along the Sagavanirktok River in northern Alaska. To complement ...


18. Soil Properties of Carbon-Flux Monitoring Sites in Northwestern Alaska [ARCSS004]
This data set includes basic soils data collected in summer 1995 for ten ARCSS/LAII (Arctic System Science/Land-Atmosphere-Ice Interaction) carbon-flux monitoring sites, and several related sites, ...


19. The concentration, movement and transformation of metal pollutants in Antarctic soils: soil samples from an historically contaminated site (Marble Point) and experimental plots (Scott Base) [K140_1993_1994_NZ_1]
The concentration, movement and transformation of metal pollutants in Antarctic soils was investigated with two main objectives; i) to assess the fate of pollutants already present in the soil and ...


20. Soil samples and temperature data from Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus to determine the genetic capabilities and structure of microbial communities [K023_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


21. Vertical transect mineral soil samples collected from the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island analysed for microbial biomass, phylogeny and diversity using molecular methods [K023_2001_2002_NZ_1]
The extreme environment of the Dry Valleys has opposing views on the microbial diversity present. Using molecular biological techniques, a detailed study was undertaken of the prokaryotic community ...


22. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


23. Hydrocarbon-degrading microbes and optimum environmental parameters for growth from soil samples (oil contaminated and pristine) from Scott Base, Marble Point, Lake Vanda and Bull Pass [K123_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented surface) were collected from both oil-impacted and pristine sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and at the abandoned ...


24. Profile descriptions, mapping and analysis of soils in the Wright Valley, Antarctica and assessment of soil disturbance by foot traffic [K123_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the Lower Wright Valley, West Wright Valley (including north and south forks), Labyrinth and Dais was carried out over three field seasons (2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07) ...


25. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


26. Soil studies of the Ross Sea Region 1959-2009 [K150_1959_2009_NZ_1]
Antarctic soils have been investigated in the Ross Sea Region for 50 years. The cumulative studies have resulted in a large literature base of knowledge on various subjects on the soils from various ...


27. Soil Macrofauna Characteristics and Soil Temperature and Chemistry Data of the Khibiny Mountains, Kola Peninsula, Russia [KIO_RUS_SoilFauna]
Data include: - the main characteristics of soil macrofauna (species composition, abundance, biomass) in forest–tundra ecotones of the Khibiny Mountains, Kola Peninsula, Russia. - soil temperature ...


28. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Meirs Valley mineral soils [K023_2004_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The primary objective of this event was to examine possible environmental factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy) driving the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. 325 mineral ...


29. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2005_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Modern molecular phylogenetics, in conjunction with sensitive mineral surface geochemical analysis, was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative distribution of micro-organism in Dry Valley ...


30. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2007_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In this study, the active microbial component in the Dry Valleys system was characterized using newly developed molecular techniques with the aid of in situ augmentation and cloches (wind protection) ...


31. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


32. Examination of the distribution of salts in ice free areas of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Island [K042_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The distribution of salts in the ice free areas of south Victoria Land were plotted and the physical and chemical forms of salts accumulating in these areas was established to determine the origin ...


33. Investigation of soil salts and glacial features at sites in the Taylor Valley, Mount Discovery and Mount Morning [K042_1976_1977_NZ_2]
A study was conducted to make soil and surface measurements (temperature profiles, frozen ground level depths, surface colour, etc) on dark surfaces at chosen localities, to examine and sample the ...


34. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


35. Determining the microbial flora around mummified seal carcases in the McMurdo Dry Valleys as a nutrient source for microbial diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Transect sampling of surface and 5-10cm depth of the soils in the vicinity of seal carcases in the Miers Valley was carried out. Samples were analysed to assess the impact of local carbon/nitrogen ...


36. Natural spatial subsidies in continental Antarctic soil [K052_2001_2005_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys are hypothesized to rely on external sources of nutrients (carbon, nitrogen, etc). The importance of these spatial subsidies on productivity and biological diversity ...


37. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


38. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


39. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


40. Algae, fungi and actinomycetes from soils of Mt Erebus [K052_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Soil samples were collected from the crater of Mt Erebus. Yeast glucose agar and penicillin and streptomycin was used to culture thermophilic microbes, fungi and actinomycetes. Several thermophilic ...


41. The study of the abundance and occurence of salts in the soils of the Wright Valley [K009_1972_1973_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Soil samples were collected and analysed from three profiles across the Wright Valley, to determine the abundance of sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chloride and some minor elements in the ...


42. Thermophilic bacteria from the geothermally heated soils of the Mt Erebus summit: 1980-1981 [K023_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Geothermally heated soils were collected from the summit of Mt Erebus during the 1980-1981 field season and cultures were analysed for possible thermophilic species. A vist was also made to the McMurdo ...


43. Conceptual modelling of the sewage and wastewater plume from Scott Base incorporating current and tidal data, seawater stratification and microbiological, physical and chemical indicators associated with the plume [K407_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Before the installation of the Scott Base sewage treatment plant, untreated sewage and wastewater was discharged directlyin front of Scott Base since its occupation in 1957. The distribution of sewage ...


44. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


45. Chemical analysis of soil from Cape Roberts to create reference sites prior to potential environmental impact from human activity [K105_1992_1993_NZ_2]
An assessment of the soils and vegetation patterns of the Cape Roberts area was conducted to determine existing conditions as reference sites for later determination of environmental impacts from ...


46. Heavy metal analysis of soil samples from pits excavated around Scott Base [K105_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Comparison of soils from Scott Base (site with human activity) with baseline data taken from pristine sites around the Ross Dependency (without human activity) found elevated levels of most heavy ...


47. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


48. Soil and salt samples and geological observations from high altitude sites in the Upper Taylor Valley to determine the history of the Antarctic environment through the composition of salts in soils [K105_1997_1998_NZ_1]
To understand the processes of Antarctic soils as they affect the composition and distributions of salts and ice in and below the soils, the salts in very old soils and paleosols were investigated. ...


49. Soil samples from two sites near Scott Base with LiCl added to determine how far water soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will travel [K105_1992_1994_NZ_2]
A leaching trial was set up at Scott Base to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. Lithium chloride (LiCl) was added to two trial sites near ...


50. Soil, surface rocks and stone samples from the Beacon Valley area for microtexture analysis of quartz grains [K105_1997_1998_NZ_2]
Samples from pits, surface rocks, stones and from outcrops were collected for examination and analysis to determine the processes which quartz grains from the Beacon sandstone have been through before ...


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