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1. Airborne Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (AirMISR) Data from the Southern African Fire Atmosphere Research Initiative 2000 Field Campaign [AIRMISR_SAFARI]
The AIRMISR_SAFARI data were acquired on September 6, 7, 13 and 14, 2000 during the SAFARI 2000 campaign. The Southern African Fire Atmosphere Research Initiative (SAFARI) 2000 field campaign focused ...


2. SAFARI 2000 MODIS L3 ALBEDO AND LAND COVER DATA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_modis_l3_albedo]
The Filled Land Surface Albedo Product for Southern Africa, which is generated from MOD43B3 Product (the official Terra/MODIS-derived Land Surface Albedo), is a subset of the global data set of spatially ...


3. SAFARI 2000 TOMS AEROSOL INDEX DATA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [S2K_RS_TOMS_AEROSOL]
Daily Aerosol Index (AI) data from Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period of August 12-September 25, 2000 were processed and provided by the Atmospheric Chemistry ...


4. SAFARI 2000 ANNUAL CO2 EMISSIONS FROM SOIL, 0.5-DEG GRID (RAICH AND POTTER) [s2k_co2_raichpotter]
The data set consists of a southern African subset of the "Global Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Soils on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis" (Raich and Potter 1996). Data files are provided ...


5. SAFARI 2000 ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION MEASUREMENTS FROM HANDHELD HAZEMETERS, ZAMBIA [s2k_hazemeter]
Data presented in this database are the result of Hand Held 4-band Hazemeters and do not always satisfy to the high standards of quality associated with Automatic Sunphotometers.SAFARI 2000 data are ...


6. SAFARI 2000 MEAN CLIMATOLOGY, 0.5-DEG, 1930-1960, V. 2.1 (CRAMER AND LEEMANS) [s2k_cramers-leeman]
This data set is a subset of the global mean monthly climatology (Cramer and Leemans 1999). The subset is for the area of southern Africa within the following bounds: 5 N to 35 S and 5 E to 60 E. ...


7. SAFARI 2000 SEAWIFS IMAGES FOR SOUTHERN AFRICAN REGION, 1999-2001 [seawifs_region]
This data set contains Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) imagery for the southern African region. These images are Level-1a swaths of the southern Africa region selected from global ...


8. SAFARI 2000 ER-2 COLOR-IR AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_er2_photos]
Aerial photography from the NASA ER-2 high altitude aircraft was collected to provide detailed and spatially extensive documentation over parts of the SAFARI study area. The ER-2 aerial photography ...


9. SAFARI 2000 GAS EMISSIONS FROM BIOFUEL USE AND PRODUCTION, SEPTEMBER 2000 [s2k_biofuel_emiss]
Domestic biomass fuels (biofuels) are estimated to be the second largest source of carbon emissions from global biomass burning. Wood and charcoal provide approximately 90% and 10% of domestic energy ...


10. SAFARI 2000 SOLAR SPECTRAL FLUX RADIOMETER DATA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_ssfr_irradiance]
The Solar Spectral Flux Radiometer (SSFR) was deployed on the University of Washington CV-580 during the dry season component of the Southern African Regional Science Initiative, August 1 - September ...


11. SAFARI 2000 MISR LEVEL 2 DATA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [S2K_MISR_DRY2K]
MISR (Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer) views the sunlit Earth simultaneously at nine widely spaced and collects global images with high spatial detail in four colors at every angle. These images ...


12. SAFARI 2000 MOPITT TROPOSPHERIC CARBON MONOXIDE, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [S2K_MOPITT_co]
The MOPITT (Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere) instrument on the NASA Terra Satellite makes measurements of infrared radiation originating from the surface of the planet and isolates the ...


13. SAFARI 2000 ALI/ETM+ TANDEM IMAGE PAIR FOR SKUKUZA, SOUTH AFRICA, MAY 2001 [S2K_RS_ALI_ETM_PAIR]
A tandem pair of Advanced Land Imager (ALI) and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes covering the same part of Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa (including the Skukuza tower ...


14. SAFARI 2000 AVHRR DAILY SITE (1.5 KM) AND 15-DAY REGIONAL (1.5- AND 6-KM) IMAGERY [S2K_RS_AVHRR_IMAGERY]
The Global Inventory Mapping and Modeling (GIMMS) group at NASA/GSFC provided SAFARI 2000 with remotely sensed satellite data products at the site and regional level. These AVHRR data contain two ...


15. SAFARI 2000 MODELED TROPOSPHERIC AIR MASS TRAJECTORIES, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_traj_images]
The ETA Forecast Trajectory Model was used to produce forecasts of air-parcel trajectories twice a day at three pressure levels over seven sites in Southern Africa for the period August 14, 2000 to ...


16. SAFARI 2000 TOMS TROPOSPHERIC OZONE DATA, SOUTHERN AFRICA SUBSET, DRY SEASON 2000 [S2K_RS_TOMS_OZONE]
Tropical Tropospheric Ozone (TTO) data from Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period of August 8-September 29, 2000 were processed and provided by the Atmospheric Chemistry ...


17. SAFARI 2000 PAR MEASUREMENTS, KALAHARI TRANSECT, BOTSWANA, WET SEASON 2000 [s2k_kt_par]
Ceptometer data from a Decagon AccuPAR (Model PAR-80) were collected at four sites in Botswana during the SAFARI 2000 Kalahari Transect Wet Season Campaign (March, 2000). These sites include Maun, ...


18. SAFARI 2000 VEGETATION STRUCTURE OF KATABA FOREST, ZAMBIA, WET SEASON 2000 [s2k_mongu_veg]
Tree basal area, percent tree canopy cover, and proportional contribution of main species to canopy cover were measured at 60 sampling points at 50 m intervals along six transects in the vicinity ...


19. SAFARI 2000 AEROSOL FATTY ACID AND STABLE ISOTOPE DATA, MONGU, DRY SEASON 2000 [S2K_BILLMARK_2006]
The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) was conducted in part to investigate the impacts of the large-scale transport and deposition of increasingly anthropogenic emissions ...


20. SAFARI 2000 AVHRR-DERIVED LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE MAPS, AFRICA, 1995-2000 [S2K_RS_AVHRRLST_IMAGERY]
Land Surface Temperature (LST) is a key indicator of land surface states, and can provide information on surface-atmosphere heat and mass fluxes, vegetation water stress, and soil moisture. A daily, ...


21. SAFARI 2000 DAILY RAINFALL ESTIMATES, 0.1-DEG, SOUTHERN AFRICA, 1993-2001 [s2k_daily_prec]
The Microwave InfraRed Algorithm (MIRA) is used to produce an imagery data set of daily mean rain rates at 0.1 degree spatial resolution over southern Africa for the period 1993-2001. MIRA combines ...


22. SAFARI 2000 DAILY RAINFALL TOTALS FOR MONGU, ZAMBIA, 1999-2002 [s2k_mongu_rainfall]
This data set contains daily rainfall totals (mm) from Mongu, in the Western Province of Zambia. The data were collected with a British standard 5 inch diameter rain gauge in a yard 30 m away from ...


23. SAFARI 2000 GLOBAL BURNED AREA MAP, 1-KM, SOUTHERN AFRICA, 2000 [s2k_spot_veg_burn]
The Global Burned Area 2000 initiative (GBA2000) was launched by the Global Vegetation Mapping Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, in partnership with several other institutions, ...


24. SAFARI 2000 MAPSS MOD04_L2 AEROSOL SUMMARY DATA FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA [s2k_mapss_mod04_aero]
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)Atmosphere Group develops remote sensing algorithms for deriving sets of atmospheric parameters from MODIS radiance data. These parameters ...


25. SAFARI 2000 MAPSS MOD05_L2 WATER VAPOR SUMMARY DATA FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA [s2k_mapss_modis_wate]
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Atmosphere Group develops remote-sensing algorithms for deriving sets of atmospheric parameters from MODIS radiance data. These parameters ...


26. SAFARI 2000 MODIS 500-M BURNED AREA PRODUCTS, SOUTHERN AFRICA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_modis_burned]
The SAFARI 2000 project was selected as the first regional test for a prototype regional 500 m MODIS burned area product. The MODIS burned area product maps the 500 m location and approximate day ...


27. SAFARI 2000 MODIS MOD04_L2 AEROSOL DATA, GRANT FORMAT, FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA [s2k_modis_mod04_aero]
The subset of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) MOD04_L2 aerosol product provided in this data set represents the swaths that coincide with known times of the South African ...


28. SAFARI 2000 MODIS MOD05_L2 WATER VAPOR DATA, BINARY FORMAT, FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA [s2k_modis_mod05_wate]
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) precipitable water product consists of vertical column water-vapor amounts in centimeters (cm) at 1-km spatial resolution. The SAFARI 2000 ...


29. SAFARI 2000 SOIL PROPERTIES, MOISTURE, AND TEMP., SKUKUZA AND MONGU, 1999-2001 [s2k_mongu_soil_prop]
Soil moisture and temperature profile sensors were deployed at flux tower sites in Mongu, Zambia and Skukuza, South Africa. In addition, thermal infrared sensors were deployed to monitor surface temperature ...


30. SAFARI 2000 SURFACE ALBEDO AND RADIATION FLUXES AT MONGU AND SKUKUZA, 2000-2002 [s2k_mongu_albedo]
Top-of-the-canopy broadband albedo and radiation fluxes are calculated from measurements at the Mongu and Skukuza flux tower sites in southern Africa from March 2000 through December 2002. Data were ...


31. SAFARI 2000 FPAR TRAC DATA FOR MONGU, ZAMBIA, 1999-2002 [s2k_fpar_trac]
Data from the Tracing Architecture and Radiation of Canopies (TRAC) instrument were processed to determine the fraction of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) at the EOS Validation ...


32. SAFARI 2000 LEAF AREA MEASUREMENTS AT THE MONGU TOWER SITE, ZAMBIA, 2000-2002 [s2k_lai-2000]
Data from the LAI-2000 instrument were processed to determine the leaf area index (LAI) at the EOS Validation Core Site in Kataba Local Forest, approximately 20 km south of Mongu, Zambia. Measurements ...


33. SAFARI 2000 PLANT AND SOIL C AND N ISOTOPES, SOUTHERN AFRICA, 1995-2000 [s2k_plant_soil_c_n]
This data set contains measurements of the concentration and stable carbon (13C / 12C) and nitrogen (15N / 14N) isotope ratios of plant (leaves, roots and fungi) and soil samples from southern Africa. ...


34. SAFARI 2000 SURFACE IRRADIANCE MEASUREMENTS, MONGU TOWER SITE, ZAMBIA, 2000-2002 [s2k_mongu_irradiance]
This data set contains the top-of-canopy irradiance in the shortwave (0.3-2.8 micron) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR; 0.4-0.7 micron) wavebands collected with an Eppley Precision Spectral ...


35. SAFARI 2000 SURFACE SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE AT SUA PAN, BOTSWANA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_misr_asd_refl]
The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) Validation team was deployed to Sua Pan, a salt playa in the Magkadigkadi region of Botswana, from August 18 to September 4, 2000, during the SAFARI ...


36. SAFARI 2000 1-DEGREE ESTIMATES OF BURNED BIOMASS, AREA, AND EMISSIONS, 2000 [s2k_one_deg_biomass]
A new method is used to generate spatial estimates of monthly averaged biomass burned area and spatial and temporal estimates of trace gas and aerosol emissions from open fires in southern Africa.Global ...


37. SAFARI 2000 AERONET GROUND-BASED AEROSOL DATA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_aeronet]
AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) is an optical ground-based aerosol monitoring network and data archive system. AERONET measurements of the column-integrated aerosol optical properties in the southern ...


38. SAFARI 2000 AOT AND COLUMN WATER VAPOR, KALAHARI TRANSECT, WET SEASON 2000 [s2k_kalahari_aot]
The data presented here include the aerosol optical thickness (AOT) and column water vapor measurements taken at sites along the Kalahari Transect using a Microtops sunphotometer. Data were collected ...


39. SAFARI 2000 ASTER AND MODIS FIRE DATA COMPARISON, DRY SEASON 2001 [s2k_aster_modis]
These data relate to a paper (Morisette et al., 2005) that describes the use of high spatial resolution ASTER data to determine the accuracy of the moderate resolution MODIS active fire product. Our ...


40. SAFARI 2000 BIOMASS BURNING EMISSIONS, SELECTED SITES, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_burn_emissions]
Biomass burning is a major source for gaseous and particulate atmospheric pollution over southern Africa and globally. The purpose of this study was to quantify biomass burning emissions in an attempt ...


41. SAFARI 2000 BVOC MEASUREMENTS AT SKUKUZA AND MAUN FLUX TOWERS, WET SEASON 2001 [s2k_bvoc]
Biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emissions were measured in a Colophospermum mopane woodland near Maun, Botswana, and in a Combretum-Acacia savanna in Kruger National Park, 13 km from Skukuza, ...


42. SAFARI 2000 C-130 AEROSOL AND METEOROLOGICAL DATA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_met_c130]
The Met Office C-130 research aircraft was based at Windhoek, Namibia between September 5-16, 2000, where it conducted a series of flights over Namibia as part of the SAFARI 2000 Dry Season Aircraft ...


43. SAFARI 2000 CLOUD ABSORPTION RADIOMETER BRDF, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_car_brdf]
This record links to the web page for the Cloud Absorption Radiometer (CAR) data for the SAFARI 2000 project. Twenty-one flights were undertaken over Southern Africa during the study. Flight track ...


44. SAFARI 2000 CLOUD PHYSICS LIDAR (CPL) QUICKLOOK IMAGES AND MAPS [s2k_cpl_images]
The effect of clouds and aerosols on regional and global climate is of great importance. Two longstanding elements of the NASA climate and radiation science program are field studies incorporating ...


45. SAFARI 2000 ETA ATMOSPHERIC MODEL DATA, WET AND DRY SEASONS 2000 [s2k_eta_model]
With modern computer power now capable of making mesoscale model output available in real time in the operational environment, increased attention has been given to utilizing these models in order ...


46. SAFARI 2000 FEWS 10-DAY RAINFALL ESTIMATE, 8-KM, 1999-2001 [s2k_fews]
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) has been supporting the production of 10-day Rainfall Estimate (RFE) data for Africa since 1995. The FEWSNET ...


47. SAFARI 2000 FIRE EMISSION DATA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_fire_emissions]
As part of the Southern Africa Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000), the University of Montana participated in both ground-based and airborne campaigns during the southern African dry season ...


48. SAFARI 2000 HISTORICAL FIRE MAPS, KRUGER NATIONAL PARK, 1992-2001 [s2k_knp_fire_map]
Kruger National Park (KNP) was established in 1898 to protect wildlife on nearly 2 million hectares of the South African Lowveld. The climate in this region of South Africa is subtropical, with hot ...


49. SAFARI 2000 JRA AEROCOMMANDER TRACE GAS, AEROSOL, AND CCN DATA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_sawb_jra]
As part of the 3rd Intensive Campaign of SAFARI 2000, the South African Weather Bureau Aerocommander, JRA, flew 19 missions, for a total of 28 separate flights conducted between August 15th and September ...


50. SAFARI 2000 JRB AEROCOMMANDER TRACE GAS AND AEROSOL DATA, DRY SEASON 2000 [s2k_jrb]
As part of the 3rd Intensive Campaign of SAFARI 2000, the South African Weather Bureau Aerocommander, JRB, flew 19 missions, for a total of 28 separate flights conducted between August 15th and September ...


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