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48 Titles Match Your Query
Showing 1 through 48 of 48
1. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2013_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad?lie penguins have responded to a -10?C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


2. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


3. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad?lie penguins have responded to a -10?C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


4. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


5. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


6. The effects of increased PAR and UV on the xanthophyl cycle of Antarctic ice algae [K068_2005_2006_NZ_1]
The xanthophyll cycle is a photo-protection mechanism in phytoplankton which protects the photosynthestic machinery from damage by high light intensities. Sea ice algae in Antarctica live on the ...


7. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


8. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


9. Investigation of levels of endocrine disrupting compounds in the Antarctic environment and food chain [K068_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The study aims to quantify selected emerging Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) in sewage, and waters from Antarctica, and to study levels of EDCs in the food chain, including invertebrates, fish, ...


10. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


11. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...


12. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


13. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


14. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


15. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


16. The photosynthetic performance (photosynthesis response curves to light and water content at various temperatures) of the pale and dark forms of the lichen Usnea spacelata from Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_4]
The photosynthetic performance of the fruticose lichen Usnea sphacelata was measured using advanced, climatised photosynthetic cuvettes at Scott Base. Individuals of the Usnea sp were identified and ...


17. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


18. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


19. Temperature and salinity profiles of the lakes in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1970_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Temperature and salinity profiles and general characteristics of Deep Lake and Lake Bonney were investigated.


20. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


21. Examination of the soils on high level surfaces in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island [K150_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The soils on high level surfaces in Victoria Land were examined for evidence of deposition origin. The areas visited include New Harbour, the Wright Valley, several valleys in the Western Asgard Range, ...


22. Survey of soils and soil temperatures in the Ross Sea Region from Cape Hallett to the Shackleton Glacier for evidence of soil processes operating in Antarctica [K150_1964_1965_NZ_1]
Soils in the Ross Sea Region were investigated for evidence of any soil processes operating in Antarctica. Two field seasons were used to sample and investigate the region. Sites visited in the first ...


23. Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects to determine sediment movement in the Cape Royds area [K041_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects were undertaken in the Cape Royds area to determine how sediment was moving over the sea floor of this area to the 900m deep Erebus basin offshore. ...


24. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


25. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


26. Screening for infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the poultry virus in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in the Ross Sea : blood samples from adelie penguins at Cape Bird and Cape Royds [K030_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Antibodies for the infectious bursal disease virus (IBVD) were found in emperor and adelie penguin populations near Australia's Mawson Base. IBDV was not directly detected, nor were any clinical disease ...


27. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


28. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


29. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


30. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


31. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


32. Environmental monitoring (temperature and relative humidity) in the Heroic era huts, Ross Island for suitable fungal growing conditions. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_2]
Temperature and relative humidity HOBO data loggers were installed in a number of locations inside the historic huts at Cape Royds, Cape Evans and Hut Point on Ross Island in December 1999 (two in ...


33. Evaluation of the suitability of conservationally acceptable materials for treating wood in the polar environment to reduce wood deterioration. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_4]
In the 1998-1999 season, three test racks with wood panels were erected near the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds. The racks were placed outside the historic hut boundaries ...


34. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds [K122_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The breeding colony at Cape Royds was kept under daily observations during an entire breeding season before birds started arriving (only 17 present when observations started) until all birds had departed ...


35. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


36. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


37. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...


38. Assessment of the importance of biological nitrogen fixation in the terrestrial ecosytem: Nitrogen fixation rates of Nostoc cyanobacterial mats in the Garwood Valley and at Cape Royds [K053_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Microbes with the nitrogenase enzyme on mosses and soils, particularly the cyanobacteria Nostoc, were examined to investigate the extent and magnitude of the nitrogen fixation process. Sample cores ...


39. Detailed descriptions and culturing of Oscillatoriaceae algae from Cape Royds and the Garwood Valley [K053_1986_1987_NZ_2]
The sites of the first detailed account of Cyanophyta in the Ross Sea Region (West and West, 1911) collected by Shackleton's 1907-09 expedition were revisited and detailed descriptions of Oscillatoriaceae ...


40. Detailed descriptions and culturing of Prasiola calophylla algae from Cape Royds and the Garwood Valley [K053_1986_1987_NZ_3]
A detailed investigation of the autoecology, morphology and life history of Prasiola calophylla were conducted to extend the existing data for the species. Data on distribution and growth patterns ...


41. Collection of Antarctic terrestrial insects from Cape Royds, New Harbour/Taylor Valley [K012_1981_1982_NZ_4]
Collection of terrestrial insects (collembolans) were made wherever possible to extend distribution records, and to characterize preferred habitats for the insects. Collections of collembola (springtails) ...


42. Mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Royds [K012_1981_1982_NZ_3]
A mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii was proposed for the Cape Royds area to estimate population size and degree of mobility within the population. Fish were tagged with color coded ...


43. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


44. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


45. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


46. Sequencing of the metallothionein gene using the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) method in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to determine the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals [K014_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The development and application of a new molecular approach for quantifying the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals was tested. The approach uses quantitative RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase ...


47. Observations of feeding chase behaviour, attendance patterns and foraging trip durations of adults to determine the function of feeding chase behaviour in adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins exhibit a unique form of behaviour known as the feeding chase, whereby a parent is chased by its creche aged chicks before feeding them. The brood reduction hypothesis proposes that ...


48. Determining the presence of wood decay fungi in the historic huts of the Ross Sea from splinter samples [K023_1996_1997_NZ_2]
Wood that is found in Antarctica at the historic huts originated from materials of Northern and Southern hemisphere origin. The presence of wood decay fungi may pose structural problems for future ...


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